Tuesday, November 30, 2010

Are the Illuminati for Real? (Part 2)

"We are grateful to the Washington Post, the New York Times, Time Magazine, and other great publications who directors have attended our meetings and respected their promises of discretion for almost forty years. It would have been impossible for us to develop our plan for the world if we had been subject to the bright lights of publicity during those years but the world is now more sophisticated & prepared to march towards a world government which will never again know war but only peace and prosperity for the whole of authority."
-- David Rockefeller, CFR/Bilderberg/TC, 5 June 1991.

The Illuminati
Part 1
By Dennis L. Cuddy, Ph.D.
October 18, 2010
[Note: With the national elections only two weeks away, few people seem to realize President Obama’s dirty little secret. That is he will not be all that sad if the Republicans win control of the U.S. House and/or Senate. He figures that two years from now if the economy is better, he’ll be able to win re-election based upon that. But if things aren’t better, he plans to say that’s the fault of the Republicans who control the House and/or Senate. He’ll then say that since he’s not to blame, the people should therefore re-elect him as President.]
The Illuminati (called “The Order” by its members) was a secret society founded on May 1, 1776 by Adam Weishaupt. According to University of Edinburgh professor (and General Secretary of the Royal Society of Edinburgh) John Robinson in Proofs of a Conspiracy (1798), its purpose was to root out all religion and ordinary morality, abolish national distinctions, demean patriotism, and “rule the world.”
Weishaupt had been a Jesuit and professor of Canon Law at the University at Ingolstadt (Bavaria), and he initially called his secret society Perfektibilisten. According to Will and Ariel Durant in Rousseau and Revolution (1967), Weishaupt “followed the model of the Society of Jesus [Jesuits], divided his associates into grades of initiation, and pledged them to obey their leaders in a campaign to ‘unite all men capable of independent thought,’ make man ‘a masterpiece of reason, and thus attain highest perfection in the art of government’.” Weishaupt said, “Reason will be the only code of man…. When at last reason becomes the religion of man, so will the problem be solved.” To Weishaupt (Illuminati code name Spartacus), the “problem” was all authority, monarchical and religious, as well as ownership of private property.
Weishaupt believed that he had developed a plan that could not be stopped, saying “my means are effectual, and irresistable. Our secret association works in a way that nothing can withstand.” A key component of his plan included directing academic and religious education. If the Illuminati “was to govern the world,” as they believed, they had to “acquire the direction of education—of church management—of the professorial chair, and the pulpit” (Robinson, page 109). From Illuminati “secret correspondence” Robinson found their “Instruction B for the whole degree of Regent” that included winning “the common people in every corner. This will be done chiefly by means of the schools, and by open, hearty behavior, show condescension, popularity and toleration of their prejudices which we shall at leisure root out and dispel.”
According to Friedrich Christoph Schlosser’s History of the eighteenth century and of the nineteenth till the overthrow of the French Empire: With particular reference to mental cultivation and progress (Vol. IV, 1845), the Illuminati was particularly interested in princes, declaring that their “grand object shall be to disseminate true knowledge among classes, and to bring the ruling princes under guardianship of the order.” One way the Illuminati did this was to place their members as tutors of the children of nobility, especially princes who would later become rulers of countries. Such is the case of Alexander I of Russia who came under the influence of the Illuminati at a young age.
The secret correspondence of the Illuminati also revealed their plan to use the liberation of women for their purposes, as is stated “There is no way of influencing men so powerfully as by means of the women. These should therefore be our chief study; we should insinuate ourselves into their good opinion, give them hints of emancipation from the tyranny of public opinion and of standing up for themselves; it will be an immense relief to their enslaved minds to be freed from any one bond of restraint, and it will fire them more, and cause them to work for us with zeal, without knowing that they do so; for they will only be indulging their own desire of personal admiration.”
Concerning religious education, Terry Melanson of the online Illuminati Conspiracy Archive said “Weishaupt and his control turned Jesus into a socialist revolutionary: representing Him as a secret society adept, who came to preach egalitarian virtue.” In a letter dated September 19, 1776, Weishaupt refers to “our grand master, Jesus of Nazareth.”
In terms of morality, Robinson indicated the Illuminati’s plan included “destroying the veneration of marriage-vows.” And he includes a letter from Illuminist Count Ludwig Savioli (code name Brutus) stating: “The Order must possess the power of life and death in consequence of our Oath… by the same right that any government in the world possesses it: For the Order comes in their place, making them unnecessary.” This power of life and death included abortion, as Robinson wrote that in the handwriting of Franz Zwack (Weishaupt’s closest confidant, and code name Cato) was “description of a strong box, which, if forced open, shall blow up and destroy its contents—Several receipts for procuring abortion—A composition which blinds or kills when spurted in the face… A method for filling a bed-chamber with pestilential vapours….” Regarding abortion, Weishaupt wrote to confidant Jakob Hertel (code name Marius) in September 1783 that Weishaupt and his sister-in-law “have tried every method in our power to destroy the child” in her womb.
Not only did the members of the Illuminati have code names, but symbols as well. According to Librarian of Congress and Rhodes Scholar James Billington in Fire in the Minds of Men (1980), “Weishaupt described his recruitment of Illuminists from within Masonic Lodges in Munich as ‘the progress of the [picture of a point in the middle of a circle]’ in the political area.” Also, if one looks at the Masonic website, one can see the owl as an Illuminati symbol for their Minerval degree, which was just above the class of Novice. In Greek mythology, Minerva (Pallas-Athene or Athena) was the goddess of wisdom and reason. The Illuminati’s Censor at the Minerval Assembly (at night) bows in front of the pyramid painted there. At this point, you might remember the gigantic carved owl present at the Bohemian Grove in California where many of the elite yearly gather in secret.
Robinson related that once one became an Illuminatus Minor, “the pupil is warmed by the pictures of universal happiness, and convinced that it is a possible thing to unite all the inhabitants of the earth in one great society…. [Then] it may frequently be no hard task to make him think that patriotism is a narrow-minded monopolizing sentiment.” In a strategy Fabian Socialists later would adopt, the Illuminatus Minor also is told: “We must do our utmost to procure our advancement of Illuminati to all civil offices.” Fabian Socialist H.G. Wells in New Worlds for Old (1907) revealed: “Socialism ceased to be an open revolution, and became a plot. Functions were to be shifted, quietly, unostentatiously, from the representative to the official he appointed: a bureaucracy was to slip into power….”
Baron Adolph von Knigge (code name Philo) was Weishaupt’s second-in-command from 1780-1784. And according to Robinson, “his favorite scheme” was to create “Citizens of the World.” You might reflect at this point whether you have heard any leading political figures recently refer to themselves as “Citizens of the World.” Thus, whether it’s world citizenship, abortion, women’s liberation, or some other issue today, one can probably trace its origins back to being part of the Illuminati’s plan.
The Illuminati
Part 2
By Dennis L. Cuddy, Ph.D.
November 1, 2010
[Note: Only a few weeks into the school year, values instruction is occurring in nearly every school in the nation. If you ask the schools’ leadership what values they are teaching, the response will be “only the values such as honesty upon which we all agree.” Most parents, including Christians, unfortunately accept this answer. However, there are two problems with the quoted response above. First, the word “all” is incorrect because some people believe it is acceptable, based upon the situation, to be dishonest. Secondly, the word “we” means man, not God, is the final moral arbiter of what is right or wrong (e.g., currently a majority of Americans have agreed not to ban abortion even though God has indicated abortion is wrong). This is the same position Satan persuaded Eve to take in the Garden of Eden regarding whether to eat the forbidden fruit, and it is essentially what Illuminati founder Adam Weishaupt meant when he said “Reason will be the only code of man… (the) religion of man.”
On October 18, Iraq Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki went to Iran to get their public backing for his re-election. Is this what American soldiers died to bring about—an Iraqi leader approved by the terrorist-sponsoring theocratic leaders of Iran (remember that the Iraq constitution says their freedoms cannot be abridged “except in accordance with the {Islamic/Shariah} law”?) Also, according to TIME (November 8, 2010), the latest WikiLeaks revelations detail the brutal treatment of prisoners by Iraqi security forces since Saddam’s fall. Did American soldiers die for this, too?]
At the end of Part 1 of this series, I mentioned the acceptance of world citizenship was an important part of the Illuminati’s plot (just as it’s an important part of the plan of the Power Elite [PE] today). Relevant to this, shortly after Ernst von Gochhausen was dismissed from the Illuminati, he wrote a novel titled Exposure of the Cosmopolitan System: In letters from ex-Freemasons (1786), in which the hero asks his superior, “What purpose do the Illuminati have in infiltrating and dominating Masonry?” The response was, “To emancipate all of mankind from religious and political slavery.” And the superior continued: “When nations are no longer separated from one another; when citizens are no longer influenced by the exclusive interest of any state or the parochial sentiment of patriotism…. World citizenship. What does it mean? You are either a citizen or you are a rebel. There is no third choice….”
Concerning the strategies of the Illuminati, they are similar to those of the PE today. For example, the Illuminati adopted the Machiavellian concept that “the end justifies the means,” contrary to the Biblical admonition that one should not do evil that “good” may come from it. Today, one can see some of the PE’s activities regarding population control as exhibiting the same perspective of “end justifies means.”
The plot of the Illuminati began to be exposed by the Bavarian Court of Enquiry which commenced its investigation in 1983, and it concluded with the abolishment of the Illuminati in 1786. There had already been friction within Weishaupt’s ranks as Baron Adolph von Knigge (code name Philo), who was initiated into the Illuminati in July 1780 and was Weishaupt’s second in command, resigned on April 20, 1784 over Weishaupt’s direction and dictatorial management of the Order as revealed in the Supplement of Further Original Works (1787) regarding the Illuminati. Next year (1788), Baron von Knigge wrote: “As a rule, under the veil of secrecy, dangerous plans and harmful teachings can be accepted just as well as noble intentions and profound knowledge; because not all members themselves are informed of such depraved intentions, which sometimes tend to lie hidden beneath the beautiful façade….” (See Steven Luckert’s dissertation titled Jesuits, Freemasons, Illuminati, and Jacobins: Conspiracy theories, secret societies, and politics in late eighteenth-century Germany).
In the same year (1787) the Supplement of Further Original Works was published, so were the Original Writing of the Illuminati published in Munich by Johann Strobl (code name Ediles), who was dismissed by the Order in 1783 and became an ardent opponent of it.
Even though the Illuminati had been abolished in 1786, Weishaupt already had a plan for its continuation. In Augustin Barruel’s Memoirs Illustrating the History of Jacobinism (1798), Weishaupt is quoted as stating: “I have foreseen every thing, and I have prepared every thing. Let my whole Order go to rack and ruin; in three years I will answer to restore it, and that to a more powerful state than it is in at present…. I [shall] rise stronger than ever…. I can sacrifice whole provinces, the desertion of a few individuals, therefore, will not alarm me.”
With the abolishment of the Illuminati in Bavaria in 1786, Weishaupt fled to the court of Saxe-Gotha under the protection of Duke Ludwig Ernst II, who ruled there and was a high-ranking Illuminatus (code name Quintus Severus/Timoleon). Ernst II was initiated into the Illuminati in 1783, and today’s British royal family are his direct descendants. According to Rene Le Forestier in Les Illumines de Baviere et la Franc-Maconnerie Allemande (1915), Ernst II on February 25, 1777 had become a member of the Strict Observance Masonic lodge, and a banquet table was brought in having the shape of a T—“a symbol noticeable on monuments of the old Knights Templar.”
Taking over the Illuminati leadership in 1786 was Johann Bode (code name Aemilius/Winefried), and in 1787 he founded a branch of the Illuminati in the Les Amis Reunis lodge in Paris. Bode adopted the name Philadelphes, rather than Illuminati, in France. And in an interview with Charles Porset in the December 1995 edition of Humanisme (publication of the Grand Orient Masonic Lodge of France), there is reference to a 1789 document holding the Philadelphes responsible for the French Revolution which began that year.
It is entirely logical that the Illuminati would be a prime instigator of the French Revolution as the theories of French philosopher Jean Jacques Rousseau, who greatly influenced Weishaupt, inspired the Revolution. In addition, according to Librarian of Congress (and Rhodes scholar) James Billington in Fire in the Minds of Men (1980): “It was [Jacobin and French revolutionist] Honore Mirabeau’s ‘evocative’ language and his popularization of Illuminist concepts that, during the early years of the Revolution, swayed many of the conspirators in Paris.” Prominent Freemason Marquis de Luchet (who obtained the position of Bibliotheque for Voltaire) in the first year of the Revolution (1789) warned in Essai Sur La Secte Des Illumines about the infiltration of the Illuminati into the Masonic lodges, saying: “You who are misled, or could be, know that there is a conspiracy…. It was formed in the deepest darkness; a society of new beings who know each other without being seen, who understand each other without explanation, who serve without friendship. The goal of the society is world government, taking over the authority of sovereigns, taking their place, and leaving them nothing more than the empty honour of wearing the crown.”
The Illuminati not only spread to France, but to other countries as well. According to Le Forestier, King Frederick William II of Prussia wrote to Frederick Augustus I (Elector of Saxony) on October 3, 1789 that he had been informed that “a Masonic sect, who are called Illuminati or Minervals, after having been expelled from Bavaria, have become formidable and have spread rapidly throughout the whole of Germany and into neighboring countries.”
In Germany, the philosophical Jacobin Johann Gottlieb Fichte, though not a member of the Illuminati, was accused of having sympathy for them. Fichte actually developed the “dialectical process” before Georg Hegel to whom this process is attributed. Terry Pinkard in Hegel: A Biography (2001), revealed that Hegel was mentored by Illuminati member Jacob Abel (code name Pythagoras).
Terry Melanson of the online Illuminati Conspiracy Archive (a website with extensive research information) indicated that “one of the core concepts that influenced him [Hegel] was the notion of a single ‘philosophy of history’.” And according to Reinhart Koselleck in Critique and Crisis: Enlightenment and the Modern Society (1988), this philosophy “substantiated the elitist consciousness of the Enlightenment. This was the power that the Illuminati possessed, a power they shared with the whole of the Enlightenment. This was the threat: it revealed the plan of conquest to those under attack.” As Antony Sutton explained in America’s Secret Establishment: An Introduction to the Order of Skull & Bones: “Progress in the Hegelian State is through contrived conflicts: the clash of opposites makes for progress. If you can control the opposite, you dominate the nature of the outcome.” Remember here that the PE and Skull & Bones member William Whitney in the late 19th century devised a political strategy of giving large sums of money to both major political parties, and then alternating power so the public thinks it has a choice when both major political parties’ candidates actually are controlled by the PE.
The Illuminati
Part 3
By Dennis L. Cuddy, Ph.D.
November 15, 2010
[Note: In my NewsWithViews columns over the years, I have written about subjects such as Chinese and Indian education, mental health, school-to-work, American companies’ profits from overseas, globalization, a feudal future, etc., and the plans of the Power Elite (PE). Now, TIME magazine (founded by Skull & Bones member Henry Luce) in its November 1, 2010 edition is covering “Happy Kids and Mental Health;” U.S. companies’ profits from overseas (e.g., 80% of CocaCola’s profits come from overseas); “American Universities Rushing to Set Up Shop in India”; and relevant to feudalism, TIME noted that it is “more difficult for the American middle-class worker to benefit from technology and global growth.”
After Fareed Zakaria’s first TIME article (October 18) which was on Chinese education, in the November 1 edition he wrote about “going global” and the “new world of technological change and globalization.” He also wrote about China and India increasing the global labor pool, and he advocated that the U.S. should expand its apprenticeship programs (which are part of School-to-Work). Actually, with globalization we already have a type of world government with the World Trade Organization’s rulings requiring nations like the U.S. to change its laws.
Concerning our alleged “success” in Iraq, I noted some years ago that militants in that nation could simply bide their time until we departed. Now, we see that on November 2 (after the U.S. on August 31 declared and end to combat operations), a dozen bombs exploded across Baghdad killing at least 76 people and wounding more than 230. This was just two days after Al Qaeda affiliates took control of a church in Baghdad, where 58 people died when police tried to free the hostages there. And regarding religious freedom in Iraq now, Archbishop Athanasios Dawood of the Syrian Orthodox Church in London, according to TIME (November 22, 2010), appealed to Christians to leave Iraq amid targeted attacks in Baghdad, saying “during Saddam Hussein, we were living in peace. Nobody attacked us…. Now nobody protects us.”
Concerning Afghanistan and the Taliban, in my NewsWithViews column “New ‘Able Danger’ Information” (October 24, 2005), I mentioned Lt. Col. Anthony Shaffer who has a recently published book, Operation Dark Heart, about “black-ops” when he was at Bagram Air Base in 2003. According to Chris McGreal in The Guardian (September 13, 2010), Shaffer led a group of black-ops that struck at the core of the Taliban” inside Pakistan. McGreal reported that Shaffer “says that U.S. forces were gaining the upper hand until the military brass involved itself, curbing operations in Pakistan and permitting the Taliban to strengthen again.” Think about why the U.S. would curb a successful operation in Pakistan against the Taliban, letting it strengthen again!
Lastly, in several of my NewsWithViews columns, I referred to the new global currency planned for 2018 A.D., and said it would occur after the dollar was devalued. Note that just a few days ago, the Federal Reserve bought $600 billion in government bonds, which will have the effect of devaluing the dollar!]
Toward the end of Part 2 of this series, I mentioned that the Illuminati had not only spread to France, but also “throughout the whole of Germany,” and to other countries as well. Concerning Germany, I mentioned Fichte and Hegel, and relevant to Illuminist organizational and philosophic principles there was the German Union. In John Robison’s Proofs of a Conspiracy (1798), there is an entire section on both the French Revolution and German Union. At the end of his book are Robison’s “General Reflections” wherein he said he was “eager to find out any remains of Weishaupt’s Association. I was not surprised when I saw marks of its interference in the French Revolution.—In hunting for clearer proofs I found out the German Union—and, in fine, the whole appeared to be one great and wicked project, fermenting and working all over Europe.”
In addition to historically prominent people such as Hegel being mentored by the Illuminati, there were several historically prominent people who themselves were members of The Order. For example, according to Hermann Schuttler in Die Mitglieder des Illuminatenordens 1776-1787/93, the father of modern educational theory and practice, Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi (code name Alfred) founded a branch of the Illuminati in Zurich, Switzerland in 1783. Schuttler also revealed that, surprisingly, Jesuit Archbishop Karl Theodor Dalberg (Arch-Chancellor of the Holy Roman Empire) became an Illuminatus Major in July 1783, and was initiated into the highest degree of Magus or Philosopher in 1784. And according to Schuttler, perhaps the most famous of the Illuminati was the novelist and playwright Johann Goethe (code name Abaris), who in February 1783 was probably brought into the Order by Johann Bode (mentioned earlier in this series).
Librarian of Congress (and Rhodes Scholar) James Billington in Fire in the Minds of Men (1980), claims that Bode was also the “decisive channel of Illuminist influence” on revolutionary Nicholas Bonneville during his “first two visits to Paris [June of 1787].” Another famous individual influenced by the Illuminati was poet Percy Bysshe Shelley who on March 2, 1811 wrote a letter to the editor of the Examiner indicating he wanted “to form a methodical society” and asserted that people should “bear in mind the very great influence which, for years since, was gained by Illuminism.”
Terry Melanson of the online Illuminati Conspiracy Archive claims that “a direct line of influence from the Illuminati to the French Revolution to the Communist League of the Just is realized” in Filippo Michele Buonarroti. Although there is some debate as to whether Buonarroti joined an Illuminus lodge in 1786, he was definitely connected with important members of the Order. Furthermore, he was a strong proponent of the French Revolution, having Rousseau as his “master,” as he would later write, and establishing educational institutions that promoted the Socialism of Rousseau’s Social Contract. J.L. Talmon in The Rise of Totalitarian Democracy (1952) adds that “Buonarroti entered into close relations with the [French Revolution] Jacobin leaders and was a frequent guest at Robespierre’s lodgings… he [subsequently] joined the Conspiracy of Babeuf as one of its chiefs. After having served his prison sentence and gone into exile, he became the high priest of egalitarian Communism in Europe.”
Buonarroti settled in Geneva in 1806, and was initiated into the Grand Orient Lodge of Des Amis Sinceres. He organized many secret societies, the most important of which was the Sublimes Maitres Parfaits. And according to Elizabeth Eisenstein in The First Professional Revolutionist: Filippo Michele Buonarroti (1761-1837): “In its structure, as well as its gradualist aim, the Sublimes Maitres Parfaits resembled the order founded by Weishaupt in 1776.” This is a critical point to remember. Although the original Illuminati no longer exists, it was continued in “structure and aim” by others after Weishaupt.
Buonarroti infiltrated the Italian Carbonari, which was later led by revolutionary Giuseppe Mazzini in the mid-19th century. From 1824 to 1830 Buonarroti lived in Brussels and wrote Babeuf’s Conspiracy of Equals (shortened translated title), which was read by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. The latter two were paid by the League of the Just to write the Communist Manifesto (1848). And this was at a time when a young John Ruskin (who has a swastika on his gravestone) had just completed his own education at Oxford University, where in the mid-1870s he would teach a young Cecil Rhodes.
According to award-winning author Alan Axelrod (a consultant to the Strong Museum in New York and the Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum in Delaware) in his book, The International Encyclopedia of Secret Societies and Fraternal Orders (1997), Ruskin was “reputedly a student of the ILLUMINATI.” And pertaining to Rhodes, in Will Banyan’s “A Short History of the Round Table—Part I” there is a section called "The New Weishaupt" about Rhodes. In 1891, Cecil Rhodes formed the Secret Society of the Elect “to take the government of the whole world,” in Rhodes’ own words.
The Illuminati
Part 4
By Dennis L. Cuddy, Ph.D.
November 29, 2010
[Note: Repeatedly in the past, I have noted that the Power Elite (PE) is planning a global currency for the World Socialist Government to come, and on April 13 this year the IMF’s report Reserve Accumulation and International Monetary Stability called for a global currency named the “bancor” (Fabian Socialist John Maynard Keynes’ term) to be issued by a new world central bank that could have some global taxing authority. Then, on September 1, Dr. Alessandro Sassoli was interviewed by Coin Update regarding his idea beginning 1996 for a new global currency, a project of the United Future World Currency (UFWC) organization. And in this interview he stated: “The world is evolving very fast. Maybe in just eight years time, it might be possible to introduce a new super-national currency like the UFWC by 2018.” This is the same date (2018) for the global currency (the “Phoenix”) projected by The Economist in its January 9, 1988 edition, so the timetable is on track!
On the same day (September 1) as the Sassoli interview, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon remarked: “There is such a thing as the global public good. And for that very reason, we need to think about the issues of global governance needed to manage them.” He also talked about the need for “global economic management” and global disarmament.
A few days ago, the Communist Chinese bought 18% of General Motors. With what did they buy it? They bought it with the interest our government is paying them on our debt to them and with all the money Americans have been paying them to buy cheap, often forced-labor products!
Substituting for Rush Limbaugh, radio host Mark Steyn on November 19 referred to a statement by New York Times columnist Thomas Friedman in which the latter asserted that although the Chinese Communist leaders are dictators, because their management of China is “reasonable” they can move their nation forward. Steyn correctly asked, “Forward to what?” What Steyn doesn’t realize is that Friedman’s remark is part of a pattern. Remember that in The New York Times (April 10, 1973), CFR chairman David Rockefeller wrote about the “progress” of China under the dictatorship of Chairman Mao, “whatever the price of the Chinese Revolution.” It was common knowledge that Mao had brutally tortured and killed tens of millions of innocent Chinese.
And regarding the Transportation Security Administration’s (TSA) new invasive pat-downs, Rush Limbaugh on November 22 said, “I don’t care how you slice this. This is a police state.” He said the Obama Administration’s attitude is we’re going to “subject everyone to a police state. Get used to it!”]
At the conclusion of Part 3, I quoted Alan Axelrod as saying John Ruskin was “a student of the ILLUMINATI,” and I said that Cecil Rhodes was a student of Ruskin’s at Oxford University in the 1870s. Also in the 1870s, Wilhelm Wundt established the first laboratory in experimental psychology at the University of Leipzig. Wundt’s grandfather, Kirchenrat Karl Kasimir Wundt, was a member of the Illuminati (code name Raphael), according to the “Illuminati Provincial Report” from Utica dated September 1782 (see Richard Dulman’s Der Geheimbund Der Illuminatum, and a good source for original Illuminati documents is www.bavarian-illuminati.info).
That Wilhelm Wundt’s grandfather was a member of the Order, of course, doesn’t guarantee the grandson was an adherent of the Illuminati’s principles. However, it is noteworthy that the “Father of Progressive Education,” John Dewey, was a co-author and signer of the first Humanist Manifesto (1933), and Dewey’s mentor, G. Stanley Hall, was the first of Wilhelm Wundt’s American students.
The Humanist Manifesto’s principle that ethics are autonomous and situational is basically the same as Illuminati founder Weishaupt’s principle of “do what thou wilt.” And the values of secular humanism have been taught in American public schools for at least the last 50 years.
Shortly before Cecil Rhodes attended Oxford and Wundt set up his laboratory in Leipzig, another individual like Weishaupt who believed in liberty of thought was Albert Pike. In 1871, Pike authored Morals and Dogma, in which he explained: “Everything scientific and grand in the dreams of the Illuminati, Jacob Boehme, Swedenborg, Saint-Martin, and others, is borrowed from the Kabalah…. Liberty of thought… universal Fraternity! A new doctrine, a new religion….”
Pike praised Lucifer as the light-bearer, as did Alice Bailey whose works were first published in the early 20th century by Lucifer Publishing. In A Treatise on the Seven Rays: Esoteric Psychology (1936 and 1942), she described the goals and characteristics of what she called “the Illuminati of the world.” To Bailey, this Illuminati was comprised of the enlightened ones, people enlightened by Lucifer. And Bailey emphasized the need for a “new world order” and “points of light” connected to “service,” just as President George H.W. Bush later did in his presidency.
But before having a global “new world order,” a reshaping of America into President Lyndon Johnson’s “Great Society” had to occur. Given the terms “great society” and “new world order” (a type of global great society), the latter of which would be characterized by a diminished national patriotism, is it purely coincidental that in John Robison’s Proofs of a Conspiracy (1798) about the Illuminati, he related that once one became an Illuminatus Minor “the pupil is… convinced that it is a possible thing to unite all the inhabitants of the earth in one great society…. [Then] it may frequently be no hard task to make him think that patriotism is a narrow-minded monopolizing sentiment.” This would enable the Illuminati to “rule the world,” a purpose of the Order according to Robison.
While many people understand that the Illuminati existed and may have dispersed throughout Europe, they doubt that the Order came to America. However, in Augustin Barruel’s Memoirs Illustrating the History of Jacobinism (1798) there is a joint juridical deposition by former Illuminati members Joseph Utzschneider, Georg Grunberger and Johann Cosandey before Elector Karl Theodor (September 9, 1785) in which they indicated they were informed by several of their “Brethren” that “this Sect [the Illuminati] under different names has already spread itself in Italy,… in Austria, in Holland, in Saxony, on the Rhine,… and even as far as America.”
Edmond Charles (Citizen) Genet spent a good deal of time at the Lodge of the Nine Sisters in Paris which was frequented by the Illuminati. In 1793, he became French Envoy to the U.S., and then set up “Democratic Societies” such as the Mingo Creek Democratic Society in western Pennsylvania that fomented the Whiskey Rebellion of July 1794 (they actually wanted to secede and set up their own country there). President George Washington considered Genet a threat to the U.S. and asked him to leave the country. Washington later (October 24, 1798) wrote a letter to Rev. G.W. Snyder expressing his concern over the influence of the Illuminati in America, stating: “It was not my intention to doubt that the doctrines of the Illuminati… had not spread in the United States. On the contrary, no one is more truly satisfied of this fact than I am.” You can see the original handwritten letter in the “American Memory” section of the Library of Congress website.
Earlier that year, on May 9, 1798 in Charlestown, South Carolina (where citizen Genet originally landed on April 8, 1793), Rev. Jedediah Morse preached the following: “Practically all of the civil and ecclesiastical establishments of Europe have already been shaken to their foundations by this terrible organization [the Illuminati]; the French Revolution itself is doubtless to be traced to its machinations…. The Jacobins are nothing more nor less than the open manifestation of the hidden system of the Illuminati. The Order has its branches established and its emissaries at work in America. The affiliated Jacobin societies in America have doubtless had as the object of their establishment the propagation of the principles of the illuminated mother club in France.”
Then, less than two months later on July 4, 1798, Dr. Timothy Dwight, President of Yale University, delivered a discourse in which he claimed: “In the societies of Illuminati doctrines were taught… [such as]: The being of God was denied and ridiculed;… the possession of property was pronounced to be robbery;… adultery, assassination, poisoning, and other crimes of the like infernal nature, were taught as lawful and even as virtuous actions. To crown such a system of falsehood and horror all means were declared to be lawful, provided the end was good…. Of the goodness of the end every man is to judge for himself…. The great and good ends proposed by the Illuminati… are the overthrow of religion, government and human society civil and domestic. These they pronounce to be so good, that murder… and war, however extended and dreadful are declared by them to be completely justifiable if necessary for these great purposes…. With unremitted ardor and diligence the members insinuated themselves into every place of power and trust, and into every literary, political and friendly society; engrossed as much as possible the education of youth, especially of distinction, became licensors of the press, and directors of every literary journal;… Enlisted in their service almost all the booksellers and of course the printers, of Germany;… Panegyrized and trumpeted those of themselves and their coadjutors…. In the private papers, seized in the custody of the leading members of Germany, several such societies [of the Illuminati] are recorded as having been erected in America, before the year 1786.”
The threat of the Illuminati’s philosophy was especially felt in Pennsylvania after the Whiskey Rebellion to such an extent that the President of the County Courts of the Fifth Circuit, Alexander Addison, felt the need to present “A Charge to the Grand Juries” of those courts’ December 1800 sessions titled “Rise and Progress of Revolution.” In this presentation, Addison referred to a “Conspiracy to destroy the principles which adorn, support, and connect civil society, and to bring men back to the savage state of Nature. Such was the object of the Illuminees or the Illuminati… with the daring ambition of governing the whole world…. All Government… was to be abolished; that an absolute and despotic tyranny might be exercised over the whole earth…. Have we no fear that a similar [to Europe] conspiracy exists here?” Addison concluded by asserting that the spirit of Illuminati “seems to exist in America… by the same means, by secret societies, by the press, by occupying publications and places of instruction…. That the press is used… will not be doubted by any who see the unprincipled similarity of publications.” It is noteworthy here to mention that Cecil Rhodes’ Secret Society of the Elect’s purpose was “to take the government of the whole world,” and with J.P. Morgan’s money buy control of America’s newspapers.
The Barack Obama Illuminati Connection
August 1, 2009
During the 2008 election there were countless allegations made against Barack Obama’s character. He was accused of being a Muslim, a Marxist, and the Antichrist himself. While most of these accusations were completely unfounded and did little besides distract the public from the truth, there are indeed connections between him and powerful elite organizations which are working behind the scenes to bring about a one world government. This brief article will discuss some of Barack’s most nefarious connections which will forever change the way you see the man.
While most of the accusations against him are proved to be completely unfounded when they are placed under scrutiny, the Obama Illuminati connections only get deeper the more you examine them. It can be easily seen that he does indeed have a part to play in bringing about the New World Order, the talk of which has only increased after he took office and the economy continued to plummet. Well known political figures such as Henry Kissinger and Gordon Brown have come out and openly endorsed the New World Order as a solution to the growing global economic crisis.
Many of the Obama Illuminati connections have to do with the powerful, elitist organizations which so many of his cabinet belong to. The Bilderberg group in particular arouses suppositions as they meet secretly each year in order to plot out their plans for world domination. These meetings are by invitation only with each attendee being handpicked by the Bilderberger’s organizing committee. The Obama administration practically reads as who’s who when it comes to members not only of the Bilderberg Group, but other powerful international think tanks such as the Council on Foreign Relations, the Trilateral Commission and so on.
While most of what the Bilderberg Group does is in secret, other organizations such as the Trilateral Commission are more transparent, so it’s easier to pinpoint their actions on the world stage. Tim Geithner, Susan Rice, Richard Haass, and Richard Holbrook are just a few examples of Commission members who now enjoy top level positions in Obama’s Administration. The Trilateral Commission was founded in 1973 with the expressed goal of bringing about a “New International Economic Order,” and from the looks of things they are nearing the final stages of their plan.
One of the more frightening realties of the Obama Illuminati plan involves the merging of the United States, Mexico, and Canada into a North American Union. This union would adopt a new currency, currently being called the Amero, and would be interconnected with a new series of highways. This comes as no surprise when one of its biggest supporters is the Council on Foreign Relations, a group that has been seeking to undermine U.S. sovereignty since 1923. They have recently published several essays in which they endorse the idea of the North American Union and a new global currency such as A North American Community, A Modest Proposal by CFR member Robert Pastor.
The more you study the Obama Illuminati connection, the easier it is to see how he has a unique part to play in bringing about the New World Order which has been in development for the past number of decades. If you’re interested in learning more about this topic as well as other subjects of interest including the lineage of the antichrist, Prince Charles of Wales, and the European Union, be sure to visit www.theantichristidentity.com. They are offering a 150 page report titled The Antichrist Identity which seeks to solve these and many other issues.

How The Illuminati Controls Politics
October 17, 2008
This is a very simple animated version of Alex Jones’s talk on the fraudulent left-right 2-party paradigm that we are all locked into. In the original version, Alex uses pen and paper to sketch out the 2-party paradigm.
I was already aware of how the 2-party system is used to contain revolution in most “democratic” countries. But I was very impressed with the way that Alex sketched it out in simple, easy-to-understand terms. I therefore decided to spend an afternoon transferring his sketches into a 2D animation.
It is very important for us all to realize that we are living under a simple but clever system that has been designed to contain revolution whilst projecting the illusion of being a free, fair and open democracy.
The 2-party system provides firm support for the elite to implement their agenda from the top down, whilst the ordinary people at the grassroots level squabble between themselves over which political party is the best.
In reality, it doesn’t matter which of the two parties you vote for because the same agenda will unfold regardless. Hence, both parties are controlled at the very top by the same force.
Also See:
Are the Illuminati for Real?
(Part 1)
04 March 2007

Monday, November 29, 2010

The World Bank and International Monetary Fund

The World bank and the International Monetary fund
The prosperity of much of the world today is due to the inter-related missions of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.
The two sister organizations of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund have grabbed headlines in the press as of late. Meetings between both groups have drawn large crowds of demonstrators that protest the role the organizations are playing on the world stage. Activists accuse both the World Bank and the IMF of encouraging poverty, shifting good jobs away from industrialized nations and dictating austere economic policies to world governments. But the two institutions maintain that nothing is further from the truth, and the prosperity of much of the world today is due to the inter-related missions of the Fund and the Bank.
American tourists receiving instant British pounds at their local currency exchange office before jotting off to Great Britain have the International Monetary Fund to thank. Before the Great Depression of the 1930s, the convertibility of foreign money was never guaranteed. Due to their own economic reasons, governments would limit the exchange of their currency. This caused delays for tourists, but it was disastrous for international trade. If a new manufacturing order from Denmark was ready for the French, the French buyers might find that their shipment would be delayed until the Danish government allowed the French to purchase its currency to pay for the goods. The problems worsened as the economy began to slow with the Great Depression. Eager to find willing buyers for their goods, governments would sell their money for less than it was worth making goods artificially cheaper to undermine the competition. But other governments, in order to compete, resorted to the same practices and the true value of money came into question. The situation spiraled downward until supplier and buyers alike had little faith left in money.
A financial crisis ensued, and World War II only complicated matters. To avoid a repeat of the financial tactics responsible for the Great Depression, governments and scholars set about to find a solution. The American scholar Harry Dexter White and the British economist John Maynard Keynes suggested the idea of a voluntary international financial forum, and the International Monetary Fund was created. Understanding that no financial cooperation among nations could exist when most of Europe was in ruins, government leaders also agreed to create the World Bank, which would develop programs to reconstruct Europe. Both institutions were formally adopted by leading world government leaders in 1944 at the Bretton Woods Conference in Bretton Woods, New Hampshire.
The role of the International Monetary Fund has remained fairly steady over its sixty-four year history. The IMF is a financial forum for openly discussing the fiscal policies of its members and to avoid a return to severe exchange restrictions on international currencies. IMF membership is open to any government which conducts foreign policy and accepts that statues under which the IMF is run. Each participating government is also asked to contribute funds to the operation of the organization. Most funds are put into a special account upon which the organization draws if a member-country needs emergency loans to stabilize its economy. Although voting procedures in place at the IMF are weighted in favor of the largest financial contributors, members reach a consensus before loaning money. Recipient governments are encouraged to restructure their economies to promote free trade, but are under little obligation to follow the measures dictated by the Fund. In its publication materials, the IMF describes itself as ‘…neither a development bank, nor a world central bank, nor an agency that can or wishes to coerce its members to do much of anything.” The Fund believes its strength lies in communication between governments and the elimination of monetary surprises in the international marketplace. Today the IMF has nearly 182 members. The IMF headquarters are located in Washington, DC, but IMF sub-offices exist around the world.
If the IMF has maintained a steady course, the World Bank has done quite the opposite. The original purpose of the World Bank was to organize development projects for reconstructing much of Europe. But as Europe recovered, the organization turned its skills and attention to other countries needing development – mainly Latin America and Africa. With its overriding mission to eliminate poverty worldwide, the World Bank has exploded into a developmental powerhouse that supports a myriad of projects in countries all over the world. The World Bank is owned by 182 member countries and divides its responsibilities among five divisions. The main thrust of the Bank’s work comes from the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD). The IBRD provides loans and grants to middle to lower income countries. The second division – The International Development Assistance (IDA) – focuses only on the world’s poorest countries that are ineligible to borrow from the IBRD. Technical assistance and interest free loans are used to fight poverty. The International Finance Corporation (IFC) is tasked with promoting growth in developing countries. This arm of the Bank works closely with private business and investors to infuse developing economies with much needed private sector funds. The Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA) is the newest area of the Bank, having been created in 1988. MIGA support s the IFC by creating a security net for investors seeking to invest in high-risk developing countries. Knowing that some of their investment will be guaranteed by MIGA, investors are more willing to venture into these risky, but needy markets. Finally, the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) seeks to negotiate disagreements between foreign investors and developing countries. The ICSID is technically autonomous from the World Bank, must remains closely in tune with their projects.
The World Bank headquarters is in Washington, DC, but offices are present in almost every developing country in the world. In their effort to eliminate poverty, the World Bank has developed programs to attack the roots of poverty from every angle. World Bank employees in DC and abroad direct projects in health care, maternity, scholarization, agriculture, technology, energy, children, women’s rights, sanitation and so many more.
Despite the Bank’s noble mission, many detractors see their work as harmful. Labor unions protest that the IFC’s encouragement of private business to go abroad reduces needed jobs in industrial countries. Human rights workers feel the private sector investment does not help the local people but enslaves them in factory and assembly line jobs. As the IDA grants a poor country money to build a damn that will provide electricity, environment activists complain that river wildlife will die as a result. The competing interests of worldwide organization groups can make project implementation difficult. The IMF has not avoided criticism. Many feel the IMF wastes money to prop up under-achieving economies. Often money loaned to support currencies is diverted to support political parties. When no measures are taken to restructure a failing economy, the loans are never repaid. All member governments of both organizations continue to support the IMF and the World Bank as evidence by their continued contributions. Although public scrutiny has forced the IMF and the Bank to reassess some of their policies, neither appears in danger of dissolving under this minor public pressure.
World Bank /IMF Report says Global Economic Crisis Takes Long-Term Toll on Development
Joe DeCapua
23 April 2010
“It’s a very, very clear statement from the World Bank and the IMF that the effects of the global economic crisis really aren’t over in developing countries.”
A new report says, “The global economic crisis has “slowed the pace of poverty reduction in developing countries – and is hampering progress toward other Millennium Development Goals.”
The World Bank and International Monetary Fund Friday released their Global Monitoring Report 2010.
World Bank Lead Economist and report author Delfin Go, says, “The main point…is that although the recovery is underway there will be lasting and permanent impacts on development prospects and outcomes for years to come.”
He says the global economic crisis slowed much of the development-related gains that had been made.
“Prior to the crisis, a lot of progress was being made on some of these… Millennium Development Goals. As a result of the crisis, there will be persistent gaps and some of the poverty numbers will be slowing down. So the reduction of poverty will not be as much as before,” he says.
Go also expects to see delayed progress in child education completion rates, as well as child and maternal mortality rates.
A bright spot
The report says 53 million more people will remain in “extreme poverty by 2015,” when the MDGs are due to be reached. Nevertheless, there is a bright spot in the findings. The report says despite the economic crisis, “the number of extreme poor could total around 920 million five years from now, marking a significant decline from the 1.8 billion people living in extreme poverty in 1990.”
Based on this projection, the World Bank and IMF say it’s still possible for the developing world to achieve at least one MDG – that of halving extreme poverty – from its 1990 level.
In a statement, the financial institutions say the IMF “provided the resources and policy advice to help prevent the crisis from spinning out of control,” while the World bank group and others “sought to protect core development programs and strengthen the private sector.”
Elizabeth Stuart, spokesperson for the International aid agency OXFAM, is reacting to the Global Monitoring Report, calling the findings “shocking news.”
She adds, “It’s a very, very clear statement from the World Bank and the IMF that the effects of the global economic crisis really aren’t over in developing countries.”
Stuart says rich nations are seeing signs of recovery, but “for developing countries, “the worst is yet to come for this crisis.”
Recent OXFAM research finds developing nations are being forced to cut “vital spending” on health care, education and agriculture.
“This means that the poorest people in the poorest countries are going to be feeling the impact of this crisis more and more and more. And remember that this is a crisis that they had nothing to do with. This was caused by the rich world’s bankers,” she says.
Reacting to the long-term projected declline in “extreme poor,” Stuart says, “It does seem to have that silver lining. I think what’s very clear is that all sub-Saharan African countries are going to miss the Millennium Development Goals. We’re just five years away from the deadline.”
The OXFAM spokesperson says, “Just at the time when (developing countries) should be really increasing spending on things like health and education, so they can hire teachers and doctors and nurses, they’re having to cut it because their revenues have been hit so hard.”
At the 2005 G8 summit in Gleneagles, Scotland, leaders made commitments to increase aid to Africa and other developing regions.
“We just in the last couple of weeks have the latest aid figures out and aid is actually falling. So our number one call is of course that the rich world needs to live up to its promises,” she says.
OXFAM is also calling on developing countries themselves to continue “prioritizing spending” on health and education and agriculture, despite the economic crisis. Stuart calls such spending “essential” for them to have a chance of achieving the MDGs on time.
OXFAM also says the IMF needs to change the way it does business.
“At the moment the IMF can only give loans to poor countries. These poor countries risk getting into debt again because they’re trying to deal with a crisis that was caused by rich world bankers,” she says.
Many economists and groups, like OXFAM, have long called for changes in the IMF, saying its structural adjustment polices created more problems than they solved and put many countries deeply in debt. They’re calling on the IMF to provide grants instead of loans.

Sunday, November 28, 2010

What's with North Korea Pushing for War?

Spiralling out of Control: The Risk of a New Korean War
By Gregory Elich
Global Research, December 4, 2010
An artillery duel between North and South Korean forces on November 23 has set in motion a series of events which threaten to spiral out of control.
On November 22, South Korea began its annual military exercise, involving including 70,000 troops, dozens of South Korean and U.S. warships and some 500 aircraft. The following day, South Korean artillery stationed on Yeonpyeong Island began a live ammunition drill, firing shells into the surrounding sea.
The island is situated quite near to the North Korean mainland, and lies in disputed waters. At the end of the Korean War in 1953, U.S. General Mark Clark unilaterally established the western sea border to North Korea's disadvantage. Rather than in a perpendicular line, the Northern Limit Line was drawn to curve sharply upwards, handing over islands and a prime fishing area to the South that would otherwise have gone to North Korea. The North, having had no say in the delineation of its sea border, has never recognized the Northern Limit Line.
South Korean troops have been based on the island since the end of the Korean War. There is also a small fishing village in close proximity to the military base; unavoidably so, given that the island is less than three square miles in size.
In response to the South Korean announcement of an impending artillery drill, North Korea telephoned the South Korean military on the morning of November 23, urging them to cancel plans to fire shells into what
the North regarded as its territorial waters. The North warned that if the drill proceeded, they would respond with a "resolute physical counter-strike."
Nevertheless, the artillery drill proceeded and four hours later, North Korean artillery fired on the island. In the first round, 150 shells were shot, of which 60 hit the island. Then 20 more shells were fired in a second round. In all, four people on the island were killed and 18 wounded.
The South Korean military telegraphed the North, asking them to cease, but to no avail. Then their artillery returned fire at the North, firing 80 shells. One shell directly hit a North Korean military barracks. Although many of
the shells appeared to have inflicted little damage, an official at the South Korean Joint Chiefs of Staff noted,
"Satellite images show our shells landed on a cluster of barracks in North Korea, so we presume there have been many casualties and considerable property damage." 
Facing a barrage of criticism from domestic hawks for having responded in too tepid a manner, South Korean Defense Minister Kim Tae-young resigned from his position. Yet the South Korean response probably could not have been increased significantly without risking a wider conflict.
During the drill, South Korean artillery on Yeonpyeong Island fired in a southward direction, away from the North Korean mainland, and this was not the first time that such drills had been conducted. North Korean forces could have made their point sufficiently by splashing some shells into the sea. Instead, they overreacted in a manner that manifested an inexcusable disregard for human life by targeting the island.
Why the North did so can best be explained by recent developments in relations between the two Koreas.
This was, after all, the first artillery duel between the two nations in forty years, so something led to it.
President Lee Myung-bak of the conservative Grand National Party took office in February 2008, vowing to reverse the Sunshine Policy of warming relations with North Korea. The government of Lee's predecessor, Roh Moo-hyun, had signed several agreements on economic cooperation with North Korea, including joint mining operations in the North. Lee killed every one these agreements, ensuring that they would never be implemented. The railroad leading from the South to the North, which had just been reconnected under former President Roh, is now closed for good. That project had promised to benefit both Koreas, providing the South with a cheaper and more convenient route for shipping goods to China and Russia, and giving the North added income through user fees. South Korean tourist operations at Mt. Kumgang in the North are closed. Reunions of family members separated by the border have stopped. The only remaining remnant of the Sunshine Policy is the presence of South Korean firms operating at an industrial park in Kaesong, North Korea, and its days are probably numbered.
Then there was the incident in which the South Korean corvette Cheonan was sunk, in May of this year.
In a stacked investigation, South Korea concluded that a North Korean submarine had targeted the vessel with a torpedo. The evidence, however, does not fully back that assertion and a Russian team's investigation determined that an accidental encounter with a sea mine was a more likely cause. North Korea's repeated requests to participate in an investigation, or to at least view the evidence, were consistently rebuffed. Instead the Lee Administration utilized the incident to further sour relations between the two Koreas.
Perhaps most significantly, when Roh Moo-hyun was president of South Korea, emergency communication channels were established between the two Koreas, specifically for the purpose of opening dialogue and limiting or preventing armed conflicts whenever they arose or threatened to do so. On a number of occasions, those communication channels stopped potential conflicts before they either occurred or escalated. Those channels no longer exist, thanks to Lee's dismantling of agreements with North Korea, and as a result four South Koreans and an unknown number of North Koreans are now dead.
That North Korea would feel threatened is not surprising. Its economy is crippled by the imposition of draconian Western sanctions, and the annual South Korean-U.S. military exercises are intended to intimidate. Furthermore, the rhetoric from Washington has been unremittingly hostile, and now with a more conservative government, so is South Korea's.
Nor is North Korea unaware of the fact that in February 2003, President Bush told Chinese President Jiang Zemin that if the nuclear issue could not be solved diplomatically, he would "have to consider a military strike against North Korea." One month later, Bush ordered a fleet into the region, including the aircraft carrier USS Carl Vinson. Six F-117 Stealth bombers were sent to South Korea, and nearly 50 fighters and bombers to Guam. The possibility of military action was on the table, Bush told a South Korean official.
Due to the efforts of China and South Korea's progressive president at the time, Bush chose dialogue, albeit
offset to a large degree by his imposition of further sanctions against North Korea. It has also certainly not gone unnoticed by North Korea that any halting diplomatic efforts have ceased altogether once President Obama took office. And with the pronounced deterioration in relations set in motion by President Lee Myung-bak, his administration has made it clear that he has no interest in diplomacy either.
Following the clash over Yeonpyeong, China called for dialogue and a reduction of tensions, sending envoys to both South and North Korea. It proposed that the six nations that had at one time participated in denuclearization talks, South and North Korea, the U.S., Japan, China and Russia, meet for emergency discussions "to exchange views on major issues of concern to the parties at present." The meetings would not be a resumption of talks on denuclearization, although China hoped that "they will create conditions for their resumption." Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Hong Lei stated, "The starting point for China proposing emergency consultations is to ease the tensions on the Korean Peninsula and provide a platform of engagement and dialogue."
The Chinese proposal should have been welcomed as the only sensible approach to the problem. But officials of the Obama Administration condemned China for being "irresponsible" by putting forth such a proposal. Instead, they urged China to get on board with the program of pressuring North Korea and further escalating tensions and the risk of war. White House spokesman Robert Gibbs snottily dismissed the proposal by saying that the U.S. and other nations "are not interested in stabilizing the region through a series of P.R. activities."
South Korea, too, rejected China's proposal. The U.S., South Korea, and Japan willfully misrepresented China's proposal as merely being a call for a resumption of the six-party talks on denuclearization. Domestic audiences were not hearing that the proposal's purpose was to prevent further conflict. Instead, Japan said that talks would be "impossible" under the circumstances, while a South Korean official said that President Lee "made it clear that now is not the time for discussing" six-party talks. Indeed. Not when one's goal is to further inflame the situation. To further that objective, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton is meeting with the foreign secretaries of South Korea and Japan to map out a common program in dealing with North Korea. It goes without saying that dialogue with North Korea will not be part of that program.
President Lee has promised to take a much harder line on North Korea, and already the South has sent
400,000 propaganda leaflets across the border on balloons. There has also been talk of resuming loudspeaker broadcasts across the border. The sending of leaflets was in violation of a 2004 agreement between the two sides to halt propaganda campaigns aimed at each other.
By the end of December, South Korea plans to hold another round of artillery drills on islands lying in disputed waters, including, dismayingly enough, Yeonpyeong Island. Nothing could be calculated to be more provoking under the circumstances. In preparation for the response to the drills that are expected from North Korea, island defenses are being beefed up. South Korea has added multiple rocket launchers, howitzers, missile systems and advanced precision-guided artillery to the Yeonpyeong arsenal.
According to a South Korean official, "We decided to stage the same kind of fire drill as the one we carried out on the island on November 23 to display our determination."
The new drills appear calculated to provoke a conflict, and this time South Korea is intent on an
asymmetrical response. The military is revising its rules of engagement so as to jettison concerns about starting a wider conflict. If former Defense Minister Kim Tae-young is to believed, if there is another North Korean strike, then warships and fighter jets of both South Korea and the U.S. will launch attacks on the North.
Incoming Defense Minister Kim Kwan-jin is if anything even more determined to fan the flames of conflict into a wider conflagration. The South Korean military will immediately launch "psychological warfare," including, presumably, loudspeaker broadcasts across the border. The North has promised to target loudspeakers if they are put in operation, and that would in turn provide the pretext for the South Korean military to launch combat operations. If there is another exchange of fire with the North, Kim announced, "We will definitely air raid North Korea." All combat forces available would be
mobilized, he promised. The newly minted rules of engagement are also going to permit "preemptive" strikes on North Korea based on the presumption of a possible attack. In other words, if North Korea fails to provide a pretext for military action, the Lee Administration can attack the North without provocation, if it chooses to do so.
Lee Myung-bak has already achieved his dream of demolishing the Sunshine Policy. Relations between the two Koreas are at their lowest point since the end of military dictatorship in South Korea. Now he aims to deliberately trigger armed conflict in order to demonstrate "toughness," and not incidentally, drive the final nail into the coffin of the Sunshine Policy. Defense Minister Kim Kwan-jin feels
that the risk of war is low. "It will be difficult for North Korea to conduct a full-scale war because there are some elements of insecurity in the country, such as the national economy and power transfer." Those may be arguments against North Korea's ability to successfully sustain a long-term war over the course of a year or two, but it seriously misreads the ability and will of the North Korean military to put up a determined fight. The extent of possible South Korean air strikes on the North is not clear, but anything other than an extremely limited and localized action is likely to trigger total war. And that is a war that the U.S. will inevitably be drawn into. Even presuming a quick defeat of the North (which would be unlikely), eighty percent of North Korea is mountainous, providing ideal terrain for North Korean forces to conduct guerrilla warfare. The U.S. could find itself involved in another failing military occupation. With both sides heavily armed, the consequences could be much worse for Koreans, and casualties could reach alarming totals. Four million Koreans died in the Korean War. Even one percent of that total in a new war would be unconscionable, and Lee Myung-bak is deluded if he believes he can ride the tiger of armed conflict and remain in control of the path it takes.

South Korea prepares emergency shelters
Associated Press, Updated: November 30, 2010
Seoul, South Korea: Last week's deadly attack on Yeonpyeong island has escalated military and diplomatic tensions on the Korean Peninsula, and for some in the South Korean capital, Seoul, there is an increasing fear of North Korean retaliation.
Hence, evacuation centres were being prepared in the city on Monday, amidst mounting tensions.
There are 3919 emergency shelters across Seoul - many are housed in subway stations or underground carparks.
According to local officials, evacuation shelters can be easily reached by everyone within five minutes and can accommodate more than 20 million people.
Each subway station has gas masks stored in glass cabinets and are called "nation masks".
SOS emergency telephones directly connect people to the emergency control room.
The maintenance area for subway stations have been fixed with machinery to provide clean air in case of an attack.
However the government is concerened about the fact that many Seoul residents are still unaware of emergency procedures or even the existence of shelters.
Analysis: US carrier visit a dilemma for China
By Christopher Bodeen, Associated Press
Fri Nov 26, 2010

BEIJING – This weekend's arrival of a U.S. aircraft carrier in the Yellow Sea poses a dilemma for Beijing: Should it protest angrily and aggravate ties with Washington, or quietly accept the presence of a key symbol of American military pre-eminence off Chinese shores?
The USS George Washington, accompanied by escort ships, is to take part in military drills with South Korea following North Korea's shelling of a South Korean island Tuesday that was one of the most serious confrontations since the Korean War a half-century ago.
It's a scenario China has sought to prevent. Only four months ago, Chinese officials and military officers shrilly warned Washington against sending a carrier into the Yellow Sea for an earlier set of exercises. Some said it would escalate tensions after the sinking of a South Korean navy ship blamed on North Korea. Others went further, calling the carrier deployment a threat to Chinese security.
Beijing believes its objections worked. Although Washington never said why, no aircraft carrier sailed into the strategic Yellow Sea, which laps at several Chinese provinces and the Korean peninsula.
This time around, with outrage high over the shelling, the U.S. raising pressure on China to rein in wayward ally North Korea, and a Chinese-American summit in the works, the warship is coming, and Beijing is muffling any criticisms.
"One of the results of North Korea's most recent belligerence has been to make it more difficult for China to
condemn U.S. naval deployments in the East China Sea," said Michael Richardson, a visiting research fellow at Singapore's Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. "I think China must be quietly cursing North Korea under their breath."
China's response has so far been limited to expressing mild concern over the exercises. A Foreign Ministry spokesman on Friday reiterated Beijing's long-standing insistence that foreign navies obtain its permission before undertaking military operations inside China's exclusive economic zone, which extends 230 miles (370 kilometers) from its coast.
It wasn't clear where the drills were being held or if they would cross into the Chinese zone.
The statement also reiterated calls for calm and restraint but did not directly mention the Yellow Sea or the planned exercises.
State media have been virtually silent. An editorial in the nationalistic tabloid Global Times worried that a U.S. carrier would upset the delicate balance in the Yellow Sea, ignoring the fact that the George Washington has taken part in drills in those waters numerous times before.
North Korea, by contrast, warned Friday that the U.S.-South Korean military drills were pushing the peninsula to the "brink of war."
A more passive approach this time helps Beijing raise its credibility with Washington and trading partner South Korea, and puts North Korea on notice that its actions are wearing China's patience thin.
"The Chinese government is trying to send Pyongyang a signal that if they continue to be so provocative, China will just leave the North Koreans to themselves," said Zhu Feng, director of Peking University's Center for International and Strategic Studies.
Sending signals is likely to be as far as Beijing goes, however. China fears that tougher action — say cutting the food and fuel assistance Beijing supplies — would destabilize the isolated North Korean dictatorship, possibly leading to its collapse. That could send floods of refugees into northeastern China and result in a pro-U.S. government taking over in the North.
"What China should do is make the North Koreans feel that they have got to stop messing around," Zhu said.
China may also be mindful of its relations with key trading partner Seoul, strained by Beijing's reluctance to condemn Pyongyang over the March ship sinking. Raising a clamor over upcoming drills in the wake of a national tragedy would only further alienate South Korea.
Beijing's mild tone also shows its reluctance to spoil the atmosphere ahead of renewed exchanges with
Washington. President Hu Jintao is scheduled to make a state visit to Washington in January hosted by President Barack Obama — replete with a state dinner and other formal trappings that President George W. Bush never gave the Chinese leader.
Before that Gen. Ma Xiaotian, one of the commanders who objected to the George Washington's deployment earlier this year, is due in Washington for defense consultations. Those talks are another step in restoring tattered defense ties, a key goal of the Obama administration.
Chinese fixations about aircraft carriers verge on the visceral. U.S. carriers often figure in Chinese media as a symbol of the American government's ability to project power around the world. The Chinese navy is building a carrier, and keeping U.S. ones out of China's waters is seen as rightful deference to its growing power.
The U.S. is worried about a key principle: the U.S. Navy's right to operate in international waters.
While China doesn't claim sovereignty over the entire Yellow Sea, it has become assertive about its maritime territorial claims and sensitive to U.S. Navy operations in surrounding waters. In the South China Sea, which China claims in its entirety, China has seized foreign fishing boats and harassed U.S. Navy surveillance ships.
In light of such trends, China's protests of the September drills virtually compelled the U.S. Navy to send the George Washington this time, said Alan Romberg of the Stimson Center think tank in Washington, who met with Chinese military commanders in the summer.
"The People's Liberation Army thinks it achieved an initial victory in keeping the U.S. from deploying the George Washington in that first exercise. That guarantees that the George Washington will go there at some point, probably sooner rather than later," Romberg said in an interview in September.
Even if China's reticence holds this time, Beijing is not likely to cede the U.S. Navy carte blanche to range throughout the Yellow Sea.
Foreign Ministry spokesman Hong Lei has stated that China's stance on U.S. naval action in the Yellow Sea remains unchanged. The politically influential and increasingly vocal military is also likely to keep the pressure on the leadership to take a firm stand.
Any affront to Beijing's authority or intrusion into Chinese territorial waters would inflame the Chinese public and require a government response, said Fang Xiuyu, an analyst on Korean issues at Fudan University's Institute of International Studies in Shanghai.
"We hope that the U.S. can exert restraint and not cross that line," Fang said.
North Korea fires artillery barrage on South
by Jung Ha-Won Jung Ha-won – Tue Nov 23, 2010
SEOUL (AFP) – North Korea fired dozens of artillery shells onto a South Korean island on Tuesday, killing one person, setting homes ablaze and triggering an exchange of fire as the South's military went on top alert.
In what appeared to be one of the most serious border incidents since the 1950-53 war, South Korean troops fired back with cannon, the government convened in an underground war room and "multiple" air force jets scrambled.
The firing came after North Korea's disclosure of an apparently operational uranium enrichment programme -- a second potential way of building a nuclear bomb -- which is causing serious alarm for the United States and its allies.
Some 50 shells landed on the South Korean border island of Yeonpyeong near the tense Yellow Sea border, damaging dozens of houses and sending plumes of thick smoke into the air, YTN television reported.
One South Korean marine -- part of a contingent based permanently on the frontline island -- was killed and 13 other marines were wounded, the military said. YTN said two civilians were also hurt.
"A Class-A military alert issued for battle situations was imposed immediately after shelling began," a military spokesman said.
[Right: Smoke billow from Yeonpyeong island near the border against North Korea, in South Korea, Tuesday, Nov. 23, 2010. North Korea shot dozens of rounds of artillery onto the populated South Korean island near their disputed western border Tuesday, military officials said, setting buildings on fire and prompting South Korea to return fire and scramble fighter jets. (AP)]
Sporadic firing by each side continued for over an hour before dying out, the military said.
The shelling began at 2:34 pm (0534 GMT) after the North sent several messages protesting about South Korean naval, air force and army training exercises being staged close to the border, a presidential spokesman said.
"Flashes along with a thunderous sound were seen here and there across our villages and up to 10 houses were engulfed in flames," said Woo Soo-Woo, 62, a guesthouse owner on the island.
The shooting started bushfires at several places in the hills, he told AFP by phone after fleeing the island by ferry for the mainland port of Incheon.
"Frightened villagers rushed to nearby shelters while others were busy running away and crowded the port to escape," Woo said, adding about 1,500-1,700 civilians live on the island.
"When I walked out, the whole village was on fire," another villager was quoted by Yonhap news agency as saying. "I'm at the evacuation site with other villagers and I am scared to death."
Yeonpyeong lies just south of the border declared by United Nations forces after the war, but north of the sea border declared by Pyongyang.
The Yellow Sea border was the scene of deadly naval clashes in 1999, 2002 and last November.
Tensions have been acute since the sinking of a South Korean warship in March, which Seoul says was the result of a North Korean torpedo attack. Pyongyang has rejected the charge.
South Korean President Lee Myung-Bak convened an emergency meeting of ministers and top advisers in an underground war room, a presidential spokesman said. He urged the officials "to prevent further escalation".
The firing comes after Kim Jong-Un, the little-known youngest son of ailing North Korean leader Kim Jong-Il, was officially recognised as his father's eventual successor.
"This is an intentional provocation to heighten cross-border tensions," Dongguk University professor Kim Yong-Hyun told AFP.
"The North made a series of gestures but there has been no response from South Korea and the United States. It is now using its brinkmanship aimed at forcing Seoul and Washington to take action and agree to dialogue."
Kim said the North would try to use the clash to promote solidarity among its people during the leadership succession.
"It is also sending a strong message to the United States and the international community that the peninsula urgently needs a peace regime."
A US special envoy headed to China Tuesday to seek its help in curbing North Korea's new nuclear project, revealed to US experts who described a sophisticated programme to enrich uranium.
Stephen Bosworth has also visited South Korea and Japan this week to discuss the disclosure, which US officials say would allow the isolated North to build new atomic bombs.
Bosworth, speaking in Tokyo, ruled out a resumption of stalled six-nation talks -- aimed at denuclearising the North in return for aid and other concessions -- while work continues on the enrichment drive.
China chairs the talks and is also the North's sole major ally and economic prop.
It appealed for the six-party talks to resume after the new revelations, and expressed concern over Tuesday's cross-border firing. Russia also warned against an escalation of tensions on the peninsula.