Thursday, May 02, 2013

Usury - The Downfall of Humanity!

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All Wars are Fought for Usury
by Jyri Lina
"The Fight Against Usury"
(Excerpt from The Barnes Review, Oct 2004) May 1, 2013

http://henrymakow.com/2013/05/all-wars-are-fought-for-usury.html
This is what Nathaniel Rothschild (1777-1836) really meant:
"He who owns the money supply owns the people."
Banking began as a sleight-of-hand, when gold dealers with vaults realized they could issue receipts (IOU's) for much more gold than they actually had on deposit. This is the origin of currency. Then they got the State to borrow and guarantee their fraudulent IOU's which became the money supply.
The human race has been enslaved by these sociopaths, who now use bogus terrorism as a
pretext to protect their credit monopoly and collect their bogus debt and interest. A Rockefeller admitted that terror is a hoax. (3.21 min)
Money is a medium of exchange, like a coupon. It has no intrinsic value but is essential for economic vitality. The bankers control the corporations that control the politicians and mass media. They ensure humanity is diverted and depleted by bogus wars and depressions while they erect their "world government".

Using Gentile fronts, Jewish bankers succeeded in privatizing the money supply and making it a liability of the State. (This is like controlling the oxygen supply.) Money is just a medium of exchange, like a coupon. It has no intrinsic value. They have bought everyone and everything worth owning, beginning with politicians and mass media, and ensured that humanity is diverted and depleted by constant wars and depressions. - See more at: http://www.henrymakow.com/index.html#sthash.NKWPqg57.dpuf
Here, Jyri Lina traces the origins of the Bank of England and its consequences: "All great wars have been started and financed by the economic conglomerate emanating from one single banking family--the Rothschilds."
In November of 1688 (under the sign of the scorpion) the Catholic king of England James II (Stuart) was overthrown through a well-organized invasion financed by the moneyed Jews of Amsterdam and led by the Prieure de Sion and the Orange Order.
(left: Abraham Israel Suasso, helped finance invasion)
The king was exiled to France and in February of 1689 William of Orange, the prince of Nassau, was put upon the English throne. This became known as the "Glorious Revolution." Even official historians admit that the people did not participate in this coup.
England was in poor condition after 50 years of war with France and the Netherlands. William III asked several powerful bankers for help. They provided the English state with a loan of 1.25 million pounds but only delivered 750,000 pounds. The terms of the loan were as follows; the names of the lenders were not to be revealed, and these were guaranteed the right to found the Bank of England, whose directors were able to issue loans to a value of 10 pounds for each pound of deposited gold in the bank vault. They also were allowed to consolidate the national debt and secure payment for annuity and interest through direct Taxation of the people.
The privately owned Bank of England was established in 1694 with absolute control over the currency (the right to issue bank notes). The lending of money on usury continued at an even larger scale. Thus the English people suffered a huge national debt. Taxes had to be raised and prices doubled. To the Masonic bankers it was necessary to have a monopoly on money issuing. That way they were able to make enormous profits and also control political processes.
The Bank of England was allowed to lend money to an amount 10 times the security the lender put. up. With 5 percent interest it only took two years for the bank to earn back an amount equal to the original security.
By the year 1698, the national debt had risen from one and a quarter million pounds to 16 million. In 1815 it was 885 million pounds and in 1945 it had grown to 22.5 billion pounds. By 1995 the national debt had risen to more than 300 billion pounds, equal to 45 percent of GNP.
Not even the Macmillan Committee, which was appointed in 1929, managed to find out who governed the Bank of England. Only one name has leaked out--that of Rothschild. All great wars have been started and financed by the economic conglomerate emanating from one single banking family--the Rothschilds.
SPREAD OF CENTRAL BANKS
In the Netherlands, secret societies had been able to found a central bank as early as 1609. About 40 of the world's most important central banks were established in a similar way as that of the Bank of England. In that way the Masonic bankers ruled the long-term development in the world with loan interest as a method, the central banks as middlemen, the politicians as dummies and the people as ignorant wage slaves.
The Freemason-controlled banks thus can govern political life by acting without being seen. The English people strengthened the power of these invisible Freemasons through paying taxes during three centuries. Central banks were supposed to keep the economy stable. In reality it works quite differently.
Benjamin Franklin wrote of the British colonies in North America in the 1750s: "Nowhere on Earth does one find a happier and more well-being people." He explained that this was due to that "we in the colonies make our own currency," called "colonial scrip." He further explained: "By issuing our own currency we can control its buying power, and we are not obliged to pay interest to anyone."
In these British colonies in New England, there was a wealth contrasting sharply to the poverty and misery in England. There was enough money, and it was definitely interest free.
When the Masonic bankers in England heard Franklin's speech to the British Parliament, they made sure that Parliament forbade the colonies from using their own financial system. The money supply was reduced in half, and the colonies were forced to borrow money from the Bank of England. The result was steep interest and price increases. Within a year the streets were full of unemployed people.
In American schoolbooks, the reason given for the outbreak of the Revolutionary War was the tea tax. but according to Franklin "the colonies would gladly have borne the little tax" (of 2 percent) on tea and other matters had it not been that England took away their money which created unemployment and dissatisfaction." The result of the influence of the English banks on the British Parliament was horrendous poverty in America. When this situation had been created, it was easy to get people ready for war which the Freemasons did with satisfaction. They wanted a safe base for their future global activities.
Among the men who drew up the Constitution of 1787, many urged protection against the financial drain of the international bankers. Therefore Article 1, Sec. 8 of the Constitution reads: "Congress shall have power ... to coin money, regulate the value thereof..."
Alexander Hamilton, a Freemason and secretary of finance in the government of George Washington, and also the agent of the international financiers, ordered the establishment of a privately owned union bank and the introduction of interest money. His argument was simple; "A limited national debt would he a blessing to a nation " He considered it dangerous for the government to issue its own currency.
Thus the United States got its first central bank in 1791. It was privately owned but had a contract running for only 20 years. It was not renewed when it expired. Andrew Jackson referred to the fact that the Constitution had given Congress the right to issue currency in sufficient quantity but not transfer this right to others.
WAR OF 1812
The Freemason Nathan Rothschild (1777-1836), who partly financed the Napoleonic wars through the Bank of England, subsequently issued an ultimatum--either the contract be renewed or there would be war. Jackson called the Masonic bankers a bunch of thieves and promised to exterminate them. Rothschild gave his own orders: "Teach those insolent Americans a lesson. Force them back to a colonial status."
The British government began to limit the American sea trade and checked the American expansion in Canada. President James Madison let Congress declare war on England. Rothschild's intention was to lay waste the country so that the Americans would be forced to seek financial aid. Great Britain, however, failed to regain the lost colonies, and the United States failed to occupy Canada.
Rothschild did not triumph this time. The renewed central bank contract was again suspended in 1836 during Andrew Jackson's presidency (1829-1837), despite the fact that he was Grand Master of Tennessee. The central bank was temporarily abolished.
Even so European bankers and their American agents managed to exercise an extensive control of the American monetary system. Gustavus Myers admits in his book History of the Great American Fortunes (1910): "Under the surface, the Rothschilds had a direct influence by dictating the American financial laws. The legal records show that they were the ones in control of the old Bank of the United Slates."
In American history books there is nothing about the role of the banks in the first and second American wars of independence (that is 1775-83 and 1812-1814).
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Our Chains are Forged by Usury
by Anthony Migchels (henrymakow.com)
April 30, 2013
Money should be interest-free
The New World Order is based on debt and usury.
Humanity is being re-engineered and enslaved to ensure this fictitious debt is repaid. This is what drives the "progressive" social agenda. The Illuminati bankers are God. They re-define reality to conform to their material interests and perversity.
Using Gentile fronts, Jewish bankers succeeded in privatizing the money supply and making it a liability of the State. Money is just a medium of exchange, like a coupon. It has no intrinsic value but is a prerequisite for economic vitality. The bankers have bought everyone and everything, beginning with politicians and mass media, and ensured that humanity is diverted and depleted by constant wars and depressions.
Usury is the original sin and the root cause of all our economic and political problems.
The truth is we have everything we need to create an interest-free money supply. An usury-free economy ends poverty and saves our souls in the process.
The love of money is the root of all evils. Usury is the weaponization of money love. It feeds the avarice of the usurer. It forces ever more debtors into ever more immoral behavior. It replaces love with commerce. It corrupts commerce, which becomes ever more exploitative. It rips apart the fabric of society and makes a mockery of any kind of social contract.
Billions of people live in abject poverty all over the world because of it. Entire communities, nations are gutted to pay the interest to the opulent. Nobody counts the billions dying prematurely from its effects.
Poor countries pay ten times more interest on their foreign debts than they receive development aid.
Even when not in debt, forty percent of our income is lost to interest passed on in prices by producers. The many pay anywhere between five and ten trillion per year to the wealthy. All other rents ultimately are based on cost for capital and would hardly exist without usury.
It is the ultimate centralizer of power and it is global. It has been growing at a compound interest rate for centuries, and now this incredible cancer is ready to devour the host body.
The European nations put up $4.5 trillion in handouts, easy credit and guarantees to 'save' their banks and the euro. The Fed provided an unimaginable $16 trillion dollars in easy credit to its banking buddies. Much of it was never repaid. This is 'necessary' because without banks we would not have money. So the West put up $20 trillion to have some bits and bytes and paper and coins circulate to exchange goods and services.
Surely the end of our civilization is near when we allow such rapacious plunder while there is no money to save the poor from starvation and the Earth from pollution.
SENSELESS
We think: "without interest there will be no credit! I would not lend if I didn't get anything back."
But the Money Power doesn't lend anything!
Money is just bookkeeping and credit is an automatic result of double entry bookkeeping, which by its very nature knows debit and credit.
The problem is not the creation of money! Quite the opposite: it's marvelous that we never need to have a shortage of money.
The problem is when the bookkeeper starts raping the debitor with interest for no other reason than the associated minus. And takes all this interest himself. Just for the service of bookkeeping!
We pay $300k in interest in thirty years for our $200k mortgage which was created by entering some numbers in a computer bookkeeping application!
GOLD SOLVES NOTHING We don't want to pay $300k interest in coin! We want bookkeeping at cost-price! Interest-free!
Even in ancient times Gold and Silver were circulated by private parties. This is touted as a wonderful free market operation. But who circulated the specie? Those owning the mines, of course!
They circulated the metal by lending it out at interest and manipulated the volume from day one.
Today, nobody knows how much Gold there is. All the Gold mines are owned and controlled by the Money Power. Those owning the mines are the Money Power, that's how it all started. Vast amounts of Gold are in their vaults, ready to be unleashed onto the market through usurious lending, aiming to create asset bubbles, only to stop lending a little later to create a deflationary crash when people pay off their loans.
It is exactly the same way they create the boom-bust cycle with paper based money.
Just look at what they are doing to Gold today. They have been doing this forever.
The Golden Calf is the archetypal symbol of avarice; the Money Power is unthinkable without it.
WE WANT INTEREST-FREE MONEY
Jesus admonished us to lend freely, expecting nothing in return. The Vedas abhor usury. Moses forbade it. Half of the Q'uran is Allah threatening severe punishment for those taking Usury.
Money is bookkeeping. We don't need interest for savers. The bank doesn't need savers. Debit and Credit are the two sides of the coin in bookkeeping. They are automatic.
Yes, the volume must be managed, but that is unavoidable. No monetary system can exist without managing volume. The problem is not management; it is allowing vultures to do it.
The reason we have a boom-bust cycle is because we allowed private parties, banks, to manage the volume in their own interest. They set up Central Banks to create the illusion of 'officialdom'.
Saying 'the market must do it' is saying the Plutocracy has been doing a good job over the last 5000 years.
We want interest-free mortgages, no income tax, no poverty. We want abundance, good will, a cultural rebirth, fairness and an end to Plutocracy.
Kill Usury!
Related:
On Interest
Budget of an Interest Slave
The Problem is not Debt, it's Interest (with Video)
Meet the Real Deal: Michael Hoffman on 'Usury in Christendom'
Why we need Monetary Innovation by Margrit Kennedy
Anthony Migchels is an Interest-Free Currency activist and founder of the Gelre, the first Regional Currency in the Netherlands. You can read all of his articles on his blog
Real Currencies

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The Fight Against USURY
by Jüri LinaThe Barnes Review
Sept/Oct 2004
http://www.whale.to/c/lina.html
Lending money at interest has been condemned by men such as Plato, Aristotle, Plutarch, Seneca and Cicero, early fathers of the Christian church; the majority of popes and councils up to 1830; likewise modern authors such as Goethe and Wagner.
The fight against usury goes back to the earliest known beginnings of civilization. From the days of Sumer to the present, decent people have struggled against this tool of the forces of darkness. Charging interest was condemned by the ancient Greek, philosophers. Money was to them something dead; something dead cannot be allowed to grow. Aristotle wrote in his work Politics (Book One, part X): "The most hated sort, and with the greatest reason, is usury, which makes a gain out of money itself, and not from the natural object of it. For money was intended to be used in exchange, but not to increase at interest. . . Wherefore of all modes of getting wealth this is the most unnatural."
Up until the end of the Middle Ages it was forbidden for Christians to charge interest. To charge interest on a loan was tantamount to murder and robbery. Later, those who charged interest were treated as heretics.
Martin Luther stated plainly: "All usurers are thieves and belong in the gallows." Everyone who lent money at an interest rate of 5 to 6 percent was considered to be a usurer. During the Middle Ages only Jews were allowed to lend money with interest: In Deuteronomy a Jew is forbidden to charge interest from his brother. But the goy (non-Jew) was not his brother. And to Jewish extremists plunder was not unfamiliar.
In ancient Babylonia the legal interest rate was 30 percent on money and 50 percent on grain. In Assyria there was no upper limit for interest rate. The farmers were often so deep in debt that they starved to death along with their families. This led to ruthless exploitation of the soil.


Martin Luther, the founding father of the Lutheran Protestant Church, and others of his era condemned usury, Fiery preacher Jakob Strauss conducted a violent campaign against usury and tithes. Thomas Muentzer, an unruly genius, combined his own ingenious liturgical reforms with a program of holy war.
In the city of Uruk in Sumer there lived two brothers who lent money with interest. When a borrower no longer could repay his loan, he lost his house and had to start working for free for the brothers. The slave could be lent also to other employers. This is a classical example of economic slavery.Almost 3,700 years ago the ruler of Babylon, Hammurabi (1848-1805 B.C.). who was descended from the Amorite dynasty, forbade through his legal acts (containing 93 paragraphs) the taking of interest on interest, which meant that the borrower had to give in addition to the assets he had borrowed the same amount in goods or money. Anyone who broke the rule was severely punished, though very few abided by it. The 282 statutes of Hammurabi, written in Akkadian, were found in 1901-02 at excavations at Susa in ancient Elani (now Iran).
The tribune Tiberius Gracchus of the Roman Empire tried in 133 B.C. to reduce the power of the moneychangers through stricter laws against usury and to limit the legal land ownership to lugeri (about 600 acres) per family. He was murdered the same year.
In 48 B.C. Julius Caesar deprived the moneychangers of the right to coin money and had it done himself. With a larger money supply he was able to erect many public buildings. Common people adored Caesar for his contribution to making money more available. After the murder of Caesar there was an end to the abundance of money. The money supply was reduced by 90 percent. Taxes rose sky-high. As a result most people lost their land and their homes. The slander of Caesar goes on even today.
The Freemasons wanted to acquire as much wealth as possible in order to serve their demons during
the 19th and 20th centuries.
The Irish economist Margrit Kennedy has pointed out that a 1 percent loan is doubled in 70 years. A 3 percent loan with accumulated interest doubles in only 24 years. A 6 percent loan doubles in 12 years, and at 12 percent the amount is doubled in just sis years.
If anyone had lent one cent in A.D. 1 and charged a 4 percent interest; in 1750 he could have bought gold weighing as much as the whole Earth. (At 5 percent interest it would have been possible as early as the year 1403.) [n 1990 he would have been able to buy 12,246 such ''nuggets."
These extreme examples show how madly interest damages each country's economy.
After the so-called French Revolution the use of paper money was widespread.
The gold traders began practicing economic fraud to become even more powerful. They lent secretly part of the gold that had been deposited with them and kept the interest they made on such illegal loan. The gold traders then issued more receipts (bank notes) of gold deposits than they had gold, then lent these notes and charged interest on them Far more money was lent than what the creditor had cover for. Soon these money crooks lent as much as up to 10 times more than they had gold deposited.
This breach of trust has become common in all areas in the world of the Freemasons. The American banks have the right to lend 10 times more money than they actually have. This means that their interest actually is close to 80 percent and not 8 percent, which is officially claimed. The Masonic bankers create money out of nothing and force us to pay interest thereon.
The Prieure de Sion initiated, with the aid of the moneychangers (above all the Portuguese Rabbi Menasseh ben Israel, who lived in the Netherlands, and Antonio Fernandez Moses Carvajal), the insurrection of 1642, led by Oliver Cromwell, which in turn led to the first republic (commonwealth) in England in 1649. In the year 1643 a large group of rich Jews came to England. They met with the Portuguese ambassador in London, Antonio de Souza, a Maranno, where further moves were discussed. All their actions were coordinated by Carvajal.
Having deposed and executed Charles I in 1649, naming himself as dictator in 1653, Cromwell became bloodthirsty and hostile to cultural development, letting the moneychangers strengthen their financial power. Under the puritanical rule of the Lord Protector Cromwell, music and other cultural activities were practically banned. Even colorful garments were forbidden.
In November of 1688 (under the sign of the scorpion) the Catholic king of England James II (Stuart) was overthrown through a well-organized invasion financed by the moneyed Jews of Amsterdam and led by the Prieure de Sion and the Orange Order. The king was exiled to France and in February of 1689 William of Orange, the prince of Nassau, was put upon the English throne by means of a coup d'etat, which became known as the Glorious Revolution. Even official historians admit that the people did not participate in this coup.
England at that time was in poor condition after more than 50 years of war with France and the Netherlands, and the new king, William III (of Orange), asked several powerful bankers for help. They provided the English state with a loan of 1.25 million pounds but only delivered 750,000 pounds. The terms of the loan were as follows; the names of the lenders were not to be revealed, and these were guaranteed the right to found the Bank of England, whose directors were ensured to establish a gold reserve so as to be able to issue loans to a value of 10 pounds for each pound deposited gold in the bank vault. They also were allowed to consolidate the national debt and secure payment for annuity and interest through direct Taxation of the people.
The privately owned Bank of England was established in 1694 with absolute control over the currency (the right to issue bank notes). The lending of money on usury was able to continue at an even larger scale. Thus the English people suffered a huge national debt. Taxes had to be raised and prices doubled. To the Masonic bankers it was necessary to have a monopoly on money issuing. That way they were able to make enormous profits and also control political processes.
The Bank of England was allowed to lend money to an amount 10 times the security the lender put. up. With 5 percent interest it only took two years for the bank to earn back an amount equal to the original security.
By the year 1698 the national debt had risen from one and a quarter million pounds to 16 million. In 1815 it was 885 million pounds and in 1945 it had grown to 22.5 billion pounds. By 1995 the national debt had risen to more than 300 billon pounds, equal to 45 percent of GNP.
Not even the Macmillan Committee, which was appointed in 1929, managed to find out who governed the Bank of England. Only one name has leaked out—that of Rothschild. All great wars have been started and financed by the economic conglomerate emanating from one single banking family—the Rothschilds.
In the Netherlands, secret societies bad been able to found a central bank as early as 1609. About 40 of the world's most important central banks were established in a similar way as that of the Bank of England. In that way the Masonic bankers ruled the long-term development in the world with loan interest as a method, the central banks as middlemen, the politicians as dummies and the people as ignorant wage slaves. The freemason-controlled banks thus can govern political life by acting without being seen. The English people strengthened the power of these invisible Freemasons through paying taxes during three centuries. Central banks were supposed to keep the economy stable.
In reality it works quite differently.
Benjamin Franklin wrote of the British colonies in North America in the 1750s: "Nowhere on Earth does one find a happier and more well-being people." He explained that this was due to that "we in the colonies make our own currency," called "colonial scrip." He further explained: "By issuing our own currency we can control its buying power, and we are not obliged to pay interest to anyone."
In these British colonies in New England, there was a wealth contrasting sharply to the poverty and misery in England. There was enough money, and it was definitely interest free.
When the Masonic bankers in England heard Franklin's speech to the British Parliament, they made sure that Parliament forbade the colonies to use their own financial system and instead demanded they use interest money in gold and silver. Only an insufficient amount of this money was to be available. The money supply was reduced in half, and the colonies were forced to borrow money from the Bank of England. The result was steep interest and price increases. Within a year the streets were full of unemployed people.
In American schoolbooks the reason given for the outbreak fif the Revolutionary War was the tea tax. but according to Franklin "the colonies would gladly have borne the little tax" (of 2 percent) on tea and other matters had it not been that England took away from the colonies their money which created unemployment and dissatisfaction." The result of the influence of the English banks on the British Parliament was horrendous poverty in America. When this situation had been created, it was easy to get people ready for war which the Freemasons did with satisfaction. They wanted a safe base for their future global activities.
Among the men who drew up the Constitution of 1787, there were those who thought one should protect oneself against the financial drain of the international bankers. Therefore Article 1, Sec. 8 of the Constitution reads: "Congress shall have power ... to coin money, regulate the value thereof..."
Alexander Hamilton, a Freemason and secretary of finance in the government of George Washington, and also the agent of the international financiers, ordered the establishment of a privately owned union bank and the introduction of interest money. His argument was simple; "A limited national debt would he a blessing to a nation " He considered it dangerous for the government to issue its own currency.
Thus the United States got its first central bank in 1791. It was privately owned but had a contract running for only 20 years. It was not renewed when it expired. Andrew Jackson referred to the fact that the Constitution had given Congress the right to issue currency in sufficient quantity but not transfer this right to others.
The historian Richard Boesen disclosed that, the Freemason Nathan Rothschild (1777-1836), who in 1806 had founded his bank in London and who partly financed the Napoleonic wars through the Bank of England, subsequently issued an ultimatum—either the contract be renewed or there would be war. Jackson called the Masonic bankers a hunch of thieves and promised to exterminate them, Rothschild gave his own orders: "Teach those insolent Americans a lesson. Force them back to a colonial status."
The British government began to limit, the American sea trade and checked the American expansion in Canada. President James Madison in 1812 had no other choice but to let Congress declare war on England. The intention of the leader of the Freemasons, Rothschild, was to lay waste the country to such an extent that, the Americans would be forced to seek financial aid. Great Britain, however, failed to regain the lost colonies, and the United States failed to occupy Canada. The war was actually fought in 1814.
Many lives were lost, but Rothschild did not triumph this time. The renewed central bank contract was again suspended in 1836 during Andrew Jackson's presidency (1829-1837), despite the fact that he was grand master of Tennessee. The central bank was abolished.
Even so European bankers and their American agents managed to exercise an extensive control of the American monetary system. Gustavus Myers admits in his book History of the Great American Fortunes (1910): "Under the surface the Rothschilds had for a long period of time a direct influence by dictating the American financial laws. The legal records show that they were the ones in control of the old Bank of the United Slates."
In American history books there is nothing about the role of the banks in the first and second American wars of independence (that is 1775-83 and 1812-1814). Neither is there anything about the debt-free "greenbacks" that Abraham Lincoln issued. Their existence is only verified by a few encyclopedias.
To finance the American Civil War, which broke out on April 12,1861, President Abraham Lincoln was forced to utilize the right of the Congress to issue its own currency. Between the years 1862 to 1864, 450 million interest-free "greenbacks'" were printed. Lincoln promised at his re-election in 1864 to begin fighting the banks as soon as the war was over. Lord Goschen, the representative of the financial world, wrote in The London Times: "If this financial policy becomes permanent, the government can without expenses acquire necessary monetary provision. It can pay its debt and repay its loans without debt. It will have enough money to trade (on the open market). It is going to be more healthy than any other (before) in history. If we do not overthrow this government, it will overthrow us."
The North during the Civil War was financed by the Rothschilds through their American agent August Belmont (actually Schoenberg} and the South by the Erlanger brothers who were related to the Rothschild family.
The Civil War ended on April 9, 1865, and international Freemasonry got busy to remove President Lincoln.
The assassination of Lincoln was carried out by John Wilkes Booth (Botha), a Freemason of the 33rd degree, on April 15, 1865 in Washington, D.C., only six days after the end of the Civil War. Izola Forrester, Booth's granddaughter, stated in her book This One Mad Act (1937), that Booth belonged to the lodge Knights of the Golden Circle and also Giuseppe Mazzini's "revolutionary" movement Young America. Izola Forrester revealed in detail that the Freemasons were involved hi the assassination of the president. Booth was soon eliminated.
The above-mentioned Masonic lodge Knights of the Golden Circle was mixed up in the plot. This
name had begun to be seen in the press, and so the Freemason leader Albert Pike in 1866 decided to rename it the Ku Klux Klan; "kyklos" in Greek meaning "circle."
It was officially founded as a new organization in 1866 in Pulaski, Tennessee. In 1882 it was banned. The present group with the name name was founded in 1915 by William Joseph Simmons and thus has not grown out of the Masonic lodge that existed in the 1860s and 1870s.
After the demise of Lincoln, things were "normalized." The amount of money in circulation, which in 1866 amounted to $1,9 billion or $50.46 per capita, had by 1876 been reduced to $605 million or $14,80 per person.
As a result there were 56,446 bankruptcies in 10 years and a loss of $2 billion. In 1887 the Masonic bankers reduced the money amount further to $6.67 per head. The Irish writer Margrit Kennedy stated in the book Interest and Inflation Free Money that the interest rate always goes up when there is a shortage of money. This in turn leads to bankruptcies and worsens the unemployment rate.
In American schoolbooks it is claimed that it was all for the good that the Democratic candidate for president in 1896, Wil-ham Jennings Bryan, was not elected, since he was against the gold footing and the "sound money" of the banks (that is money that creates debt). Bryan explained in his "Cross of Gold" speech at the Democratic National Convention, in Chicago on July 9. 1896: "When we have restored the money of the Constitution, all other necessary reforms will be possible, and that until that is done there is no reform that can be accomplished."
Bryan was not elected, and 17 years later, in 1913. Congress passed a bill (introduced by the Masonic President Woodrow Wilson), that purported to repeal the right of the Congress to issue currency and transferred this right to a "federal reserve" funding system.
Congressman Charles A. Lindbergh, father of the famous aviator, had the following to say about this: "When the president signs it, the invisible government of the money brokers has become legalized. The worst legal crime of the century is a fact. The day of reckoning is only a few years removed."
The man who played a very important role in providing the United States again with a central bank was Paul Warburg. He was a German immigrant, arriving in America together with his brother Felix. Both brothers became partners in tiie banking house Kuhn, Loeb & Co. led by the Illuminatus Jacob Schiff, who also belonged to B'nai B'rith. The Warburgs were supported by Nelson Aldrich (later to become grandfather to Nelson and David Rockefeller), known as the handyman in the Senate of John Pierpoint Morgan. The family of (Samuel Moses) Del Branco in 1559 moved from Italy to Germany taking the name Warburg. In 1798 the family founded the bank of M.M. Warburg & Co.
The 1907 financial panic had been caused by Masonic banker J.P. Morgan, historian Fredrick Lewis Allen concluded in 1949. This was used as pretense to show that there was a need for a central banking system.
Frank Vanderlip, who worked for Rockefeller, admitted in his memoirs: "I do not believe I exaggerate in saying that our secret excursion to JekyI Island was the actual beginning of that which eventually became the Federal Reserve System."
During the aforementioned JekyI Island meeting at the end of 1910 Paul Warburg had emphasized that the term "central bank" should be avoided under all circumstances. It was decided to present the project as a Regional Reserve System.
It was made sure that Morgan's candidate, the Freemason Thomas Woodrow Wilson, was elected president. His campaign was financed by Jacob Schiff, Bernard Baruch, Henry Morgenthau, New York Times publisher Adolph Ochs and other powerful Jewish financiers and Freemasons.
The high-ranking Freemason Edward Mandel House, by many historians considered the "actual" president of the United States during Wilson's administration, proposed in his novel Philip Dru: Administrator (1912), which was published anonymously, a transition to a progressive income tax and a central bank. These requirements were known from the Illuminati five-point program. House was in favor of forming a world government and adopting the kind of socialism Marx dreamed of. To accomplish this he was willing to use political fraud.
The Federal Reserve bill was presented the night of December 22. 1913, when most of the members of the congressional committee were asleep. That same day the bill hastily was pushed through the House of Representatives and the Senate, President Wilson signed the Federal Reserve Act and control over money supply was transferred from Congress to private Masonic bankers. Four times earlier the American people had managed to get rid of a central bank, but not the fifth time
The Federal Reserve Act was hailed as the victory of democracy over the money trusts, which was hardly the case. Paul Warburg immediately began working at the Federal Reserve for a salary substantially less than that he received as a banker. Neither the president, members of Congress nor the secretary of treasury have any authority over the Federal Reserve.
The Federal Reserve System is actually a cartel of 13 large private banks, of which the Bank of New York is the most important.
President Woodrow Wilson allowed the national debt to grow from $1 billion to $455 billion. Interest became the third largest post of the federal budget.
The United States borrowed up to $4 trillion from various private banks in 1992. At the same time the deficit was $285 billion. In 1991 another 2 million people were registered as poor in the United States. The national debt was slightly less than $1 trillion in 1980: in 1995 it was $5 trillion. The 32.9 million Americans who in the year 2002 lived in poverty were 1.3 million more than those of 2000 (31.6 million).
The economist Milton Friedman is convinced that the economic collapse of 1929 took place because the Federal Reserve System refused to buy government bonds, which would have given the banks more cash, and thus it, caused the monetary crash, which in tarn led to the deep economic crisis.
In the 1810s the Freemasons had been brought into Europe in order to prepare their socialistic revolutions. Particularly bad was the situation on Guernsey in 1815, one of the Channel Islands. Less than half the size of Jersey, it enjoys a mild and humid climate and fertile soil. People had no money to buy things; production stopped and workers went idle. Bankruptcy was near, since taxes to England and interest to lie creditors could not be paid, and no new loans were granted. The situation was desperate. People were beginning to leave the island and emigrate to Australia.
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Paul Warburg, left, born in Germany in 1868. came to the United States for the purpose of "reforming" the financial system. In 1895, he married a daughter of Mr. Loeb, Jacob H Schiff (enter) also married a daughter of Mr. Loeb. The name of "Sen. Nelson Aldrich" (right) was, many years ago, a synonym for the Money Power. Aldrich was a leader on tariff and financial matters. He was desirous of the prosperity of the country, but that "prosperity" was written in banking balances. These were three of the top representatives of the organized usury of their era.
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In 1815 Guernsey needed a new market hall. There was no money. Then somebody proposed that the island should avail itself of its ancient prerogative and issue its own interest-free money. At first the proposal was turned down, but as they urgently needed 5,000 pounds and only had 1,000 pounds in hand, the Bailiff Daniel de Lisle Brock in 1816 decided to issue 4,000 pounds in one-pound interest-free Guernsey state notes. This was in addition to the current supply of English pounds, which two main banks were circulating on the island already.
Work was begun on the market hall, everything being paid for with this new money. When the hall was finished, customers arrived, and business was better than expected. By 1822 the market hall was paid for. The 4,000 one-pound notes were destroyed. The first project with the new money was so successful that it was soon followed by others. Next a new road was needed; there was gravel, stone and plenty of labor—but no money to pay for it. In all, the states issued 55,000 pounds' worth of notes, which paid for the rebuilding of the market. A new school was built, then several more, the whole surroundings of the market hall were renewed, and several other public buildings were constructed, as well as widening of the streets. A new harbor was built along with the best new roads in Europe and sewers. The sum was paid for with taxation, and the notes were again destroyed. All these projects provided employment and economic stimulation.
In 1827 de Lisle Brock was able to speak of "the improvements which are the admiration of visitors and which contribute so much to the joy, the health and well-being of the inhabitants." Things had certainly improved since 1815. It is significant that the great depression never troubled Guernsey. There was no unemployment, and the income tax was 10 pence on the pound. Things got even better. The import of expensive English flour was reduced. The money supply never exceeded 60,000 pounds. Unemployment was practically nonexistent. Guernsey became a prosperous island community. But the Freemasons disliked this paradise, for fear that the idea should spread to other parts of Europe. In that case they would no longer be able to continue their destructive projects.
In 1830 the banks launched a counterattack and began to flood the island with their own notes. The bankers Finkelstein & Go, of London were the first to open an office on the island. There they started their propaganda for "better money," "real money." People believed this hogwash, which resulted in money shortage and loan applications in the banks. De Lisle Brock fought like a lion to save the island's sound economy and high standard of living—but to no avail. The intrigues and undermining work of the Freemasons steered the island economy over to the banks and their exploitation.
The Guernsey example of 1816 to 1837 speaks for itself. We can do without Masonic economy and do much better. But to try to do away with interest is considered the worst possible crime against humanity.
By 1837, 55,000 pounds had been put into circulation by the government for the primary purpose of local projects such as the sea walls, the roads, a new marketplace, a church and a college. These 55,000 pounds more than doubled the money supply, but there was no inflation.
In 1914, while the British restricted their own money supply, Guernsey issued more—another 140,000 pounds over the next four years. By 1958, over 500,000 pounds of interest-free money was in circulation on Guernsey, and still no inflation.
By 1990, there was a total of 6.5 million pounds in circulation, issued interest free. There was no public debt as in the rest of Britain, which was still paying for its war debts. And yet on Guernsey, prosperity was very much evident everywhere.
It was nothing new. In 1793, Liverpool suffered from extreme cash flow problems, and solved this by creating out of nothing by an act of Parliament some 300,000 pounds of non-repayable money, which was used for public works with great benefit to the city and its people. This issue of money by the Liverpool Corporation allevial.ed the immediate debt crisis.
On June 30,1934, the London magazine New Britain published a statement by the Freemason and former Prime Minister David Lloyd George: "Great Britain is a slave under the international financial powers."
The Masonic bankers during the last 25 years have lent money to the governments of the industrial nations, which find it harder and harder to repay their enormous debt. The private sector has become exactly that much richer. This monetary power has enough money to stop any intransigent politicians. Popularly elected politicians no longer have any means of conducting the policies they wish. They cannot take back their power until the debts are paid. For every dollar borrowed, the politicians relinquish more power. The developing countries are in much worse situation. They are not even able to pay interest on their loans.
During 1982-1990 the banks of the industrial nations received $1,345 trillion in interest and annuity from these poor countries.
The Argentine-German economist Silvio Gesell (1862-1930) wished to introduce "free money." Margrit Kennedy relates in her book Interest and Inflation Free Money (1988) how adherents to Gesll's theory of a free economy in the 1930s made several attempts with interest-free currency in various countries, including Germany, Switzerland, Spain and the United Slates. Particularly successful was the model used in the small town of Woergl in the Tirol in Austria. In 1932 the ideas described m Gesell's book Die natwerlicke Wirtschaftsordnung (The Natural Economic Order, 1916) were introduced
In August 1932 the town council of Woergl issued their own bank notes, called work certificates, to a value of 32,000 schillings. Backed by an equivalent amount of ordinary schillings in the bank, the town put 12,600 work certificates into circulation. The fee on the use of the money was 1 percent per month or 12 percent per year. This fee had to be paid by the person who had the banknote at the end of the month, in the form of a stamp worth 1 percent of the note glued to its back.
The town paid for wages and building materials with this money. A ski-slope was built: streets were renewed as well as the canal system. They built bridges, improved roads and public services, and paid salaries and for materials with this money, which was accepted by the butcher, the shoemaker, the baker, by everyone.
The small fee made everyone put this money into circulation before using one's "real" money. Within a year 32,000 work certificates had been in circulation 463 times and thus had made possible the exchange of goods and services to value of 14,816,000 schillings. In comparison to the sluggish national currency it cmrulated eight limes as fast. Unemployment was reduced by 25 percent within a year. When, however. 130 communities in Austria began to be interested in adopting this model the Austrian National Bank on September 1. 1933, pro-liibited the printing of any local currency.
Unemployment returned, prosperity disappeared, and the situation was "nonnalizedv" that is, Freemasouized.

Economic Slavery
Interest charges are always included in today's prices, which makes all goods and services very expensive and leaves very little money in the wallet. The economic historian John King has pointed out that because of interest, businesses must constantly raise their prices. This is camouflaged as inflation. He recommended abolishing interest as soon as possible, so as to avoid economic catastrophe. Everyone must now help pay interest. It is included in all prices—about 77 percent of rental rates, for instance. Taxes and other fees and imposts add up. Thus we have become slaves of the bankers. All goods would be only half as expensive without interest payments. According to the Swedish historian Herman Lindqvist, the Freemasons decided in the 1810s that wages should be fixed at the poverty level. Such an attitude shows an enormous contempt for ordinary people. Between the years 1860 and 1910 almost a million Swedes left for America in connection with several years of famine, poverty and difficulties in providing for themselves.
During the Middle Ages conditions were much better than the Masonic myths claim. It has been calculated that a Saxony bricklayer, in addition to free food, made, in today's currency, at least 26,000 marks a month. Craftsmen normally received various benefits in addition to their wages. Despite the high wages, working hours were short, normally eight hours a day, and at work five and a half days a week. Minng journeymen in Saxony only worked six hours a day. Not until 1479 did they put in an extra hour. Often the journeymen enjoyed a free Monday, called "blue Monday," usually without wage reduction. This was terminated in Sweden with the 1669 guild order.
So as not to be confused with noblemen, craftsmen in Freiburg, in Saxony, were advised not to wear gold jewelry and velvet and satin clothes, even though they could well afford all this. The fact that the economy and cultural life flourished was due to the bracteate coins, which were the basis of a system with continuous withdrawal of coins, since they often broke. Withdrawal occurred thrice yearly and also served as taxation. Using old coins was not permitted. No one wanted to hang on to "bad" money, so as not to make a loss, since by exchange of 12 (old) coins one received only nine (new) ones. The economy prospered because the effect of interest-generating money was not present. There was to be no interest charged. For the frail, the old and the sick there were sick houses, and the rich usually provided housing, clothing and free meals for the poor. Wealth was relatively evenly distributed at all levels of society.
All this disappeared when the Masonic bankers took control of the economy. From then on, no one could afford a decent life. To enable people to stand this misery, the lie that things were much worse before is propagated, which is certainly not true.
The current interest system makes it possible for those that already have money to get even richer, while those in need find it increasingly hard to make ends meet. From 1968 to 1982 the national income of West Germany increased by 300 percent, while the interest on the national debt increased by 1,160 percent In 1982 that interest amounted to 29 billion DM. When interest is abolished, inflation vanishes. Kennedy stressed in her book that the income tax must also be abolished. The government will have to be satisfied with a very low VAT; otherwise the gray economy will grow. As of now interest rates go up when there is not enough money available.
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Queen Elizabeth II Inspects Gold Bullion Deep Below Bank Of England
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The European Community during the years 1982-88 lost up to 735,000 jobs due to the debt crisis, while the United States lost 1.8 million jobs during the same period.
The Swedish national debt was 1.4 trillion crowns in the fall of 1997, which makes Sweden more debt-ridden than either Brazil or Argentina. Interest on the national debt was 111 billion kronor yearly, which is about 40 billion more than the cost of old-age benefits. Every Swede owed various banks 158,558 crowns each in 1997. Half of Swedish national income goes to pay interest. Twenty-five percent of the export income went to support of the national debt in 1990. The head of the central bank, Bengt Dennis, said: "In the circles where I move, it is expected that Sweden keeps a high interest rate."
In the beginning of the 1990s the bankers Salomon Brothers, which had provided the Swedish, government with huge loans, demanded that the Swedish crown be devalued. The government complied.
Argentina went bankrupt in the spring of 2002, having a national debt of $132 billion. Two Jewish banks (Banco de Patricios and Banco de Mayo; collapsed in 1998 due to the owners' criminal activities. This was a final blow to the national economy.
The Italian national debt in the summer of 2001 was astronomically 2,391,663,000.000.000 lire ($145,831,500,000), roughly equivalent to 105 percent of the GNP.
The sultanate of Brunei in northern Borneo has free schools and free medical care. There is no tax and no VAT, but the standard of living is very high. Interest rates are very low. The country has enormous amounts of oil and gas, which is exported and has given them large incomes. The sultan, Muda Hassanal Bolkiah. is one of the richest men in the world. His assets are roughly estimated at $20 billion.
Norway also has oil and gas, but the politicians do not wish to abolish the income tax and other charges. Prices are horribly high: medical care means long lines.
On May 1, 1998, exactly 222 years after the founding of the order of the Illuminati (222 being a third of 666. which in turn tsa third of 1998), the European Central Bank was established, actually a cartel of private banks. All of the people shall be in debt through taxation. The Masonic bankers are thus trying to realize the Knights Templars' ancient idea of creating a European super state by means of the banking system.
The Danish "no" to the "euro" at a referendum in September 2000 and the Swedish "no" in September 2003 showed, however, that not everything goes as planned. One does not have to be a prophet to see that the euro does not stabilize the economy, though one must not say it out aloud. Bernard Connolly, who was head of the department of currency policy at the European Commission in Brussels, in 1996 published a book, The Rotten Heart of Europe, claiming that fixed exchange rates and the monetary union (EMU) would lead to instability and growing unemployment. He felt the result would be horrifying. Connolly was summarily fired.
At a visit to Sweden in August 2003, Connolly stressed that the introduction of the euro would lead to economic disaster and to the fall of the European democracies. He warned that the euro is used as a pretext for forming an economic, political and military super state.
The problems have become worse in southern Europe. Portugal for instance is already at the brink of a political breakdown, and riots in the streets are not far away. This will then spread to the rest of Europe. He compared the situation to the economic collapse in Argentina, but the EMU countries are worse off. Argentina was able to cut its connection to the dollar, but EMU countries cannot abandon the euro.
One meter was one meter in 1910, just as now. A liter is a liter, but a Swedish krona of 2004 is no longer worth the same as in 1910. Its value has sharply declined. Is that not strange?
Swedish and U.S. official statistics state that in the year 2000, roughly 140 percent of the average working man's income went to necessities such as food, living, clothing, education medical care, as compared to 75 percent in the early 1970s. Today it is barely enough for both parents to work to make ends meet.
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THE ROTHSCHILDS' PLAN TO CONQUER AMERICA FOR THE BANKERS
Count Cherep-Spiridovitch, a tsarist general who battled the Bolsheviks in the Russian Revolution, published a book in 1926 entitled The Secret World Government which shows how the Rothschilds plan for world tyranny dominates modern history. He cites an interview with German Chancellor Otto van Bismarck in 1876, in which Bismarck explained that the Rothschilds who already controlled Europe, were afraid, in the middle of the 19th century, that the United States would become independent of them if it remained one nation. The plan, therefore, was to divide the United States between England (controlled by Lionel Rothschild) and France (controlled by James Rothschild). France was to take over the South while British Canada annexed the defeated North. As a preparatory move, in 1863, France and Spain invaded Mexico with 30,000 troops. Britain, France and other European powers were ready to snuff out the young republic but were deterred by Russia, the only European nation not in the Rothschilds' thrall. Tsar Alexander II sent his fleets to New York and San Francisco and declared that an attack on the United States was an attack on Russia. Meanwhile the U.S. Congress, stimulated by Lincoln, created "greenback" dollars to finance the war and escape indebtedness to the foreign financiers. 'They [the Rothschilds] understood at once that the United States would escape their grip," Bismarck said. "The death of Lincoln was resolved upon. Nothing [was] easier than, to find a fanatic to strike." Cherep-Spiridovitch concludes: "According to Bismarck the awful Civil War in America was fomented by a Jewish conspiracy and Abraham Lincoln ..was killed by the same Hidden Hand that killed six Romanov tsars, 10 kings and scores of ministers only to more easily bleed their nations?
In the 1970s the total value of the world trade of industrial goods was 50 percent, the rest was in stocks and shares. In the year 2001 the relation was 1 percent goods and 99 percent with securities. Speculation dominates.
The current monetary system encourages fraud and extension of the gray economy and has led to the fact that those who constantly are in need of money lose more and more to those who have far more than they need. More and more money is collected in the hands of certain individuals, who happen to be Masonic bankers. If interest is abolished, everyone benefits from the new system, not only the 80 percent considered poor.
Alfred Herrhausen, member of the hoard of Deutsche Bank, has pointed out: "Those responsible for the current monetary system, know very well that it cannot last, but they do not know any alternative or do not want, to know of any."
To the Freemasons it is important to keep us in economic slavery; otherwise they would have done everything to abolish interest. Through taxes and duty the government owns most of the result of the economic activities of the people. What are then the Freemasons' beautiful phrases of humanism really worth? The Masonic leaders' foremost goal has been to conceal as best as they can the current economic slavery, One must ask oneself if they have been successful.
BIBLIOGRAPHY:
"Bonniers stora lexikon"/ Bonnier's Encyclopaedia, Stockholm. 1985, 252.
Diagnosen (German magazine), February 1986
Daniel. John. Scarlet and the Beast, Vol III. Tyler, U.S.A.
Grubiak, Olive & Jan, The Guernsey Experiment, Omni Publicatlions, 1960.
Jaikaran. Dr. Jacques S,. The Debt Virus: A Compelling Solution to the Warm Debt Problems, 1992
Kennedy, Margrit. Interest and Inflation Free Money, Goeteborg 1993.137-39.
JURI LINA an internationally renowned writer. His chief specialty is political economy, with a specific concentration on the connection between finance and political regimes. He presently lives in Sweden.
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Quotes About Bankers, Banking, Money, and UsuryIn Chronological Order
http://www.anti-indoctrination.com/Anti-Indoctrination/Finance_Quotes.html
Arranging these quotes in time along with other relative events reveals that the thievery of finance is not new. These quotes have been collected over many years. Many are from
http://quotes.liberty-tree.ca
400BC - "People sometimes rationalize their greed by saying that it is all for the good of their children but this is nothing but an excuse they use to make their despicable actions appear respectable
and praiseworthy." -- Democritus (460-370 BC) Greek philosopher
350BC - "The trade of the petty usurer is hated with most reason: it makes a profit from currency itself, instead of making it from the process which currency was meant to serve. Their common
characteristic is obviously their sordid avarice." -- Aristotle (384-322 BC) Greek philosopher
055BC - “The budget should be balanced, the Treasury should be refilled, public debt should be
reduced, the arrogance of officialdom should be tempered and controlled, and the assistance to foreign lands should be curtailed lest Rome become bankrupt. People must again learn to work, instead of living on public assistance. -- Cicero , 55 BC
048BC - Julius Caesar took back from the money changers the power to coin money and minted official Roman coins for the Roman Empire.
033AD - Jesus Christ throws the jewish money changers out of the temple. Jews coming to the temple to pay their Temple Tax had to convert their Roman coins to jewish half-shekels. Conversion
was very profitable.
050AD - “And having food and raiment let us be therewith content. But they that will be rich fall into
temptation and a snare, and into many foolish and hurtful lusts, which drown men in destruction and perdition. For the love of money is the root of all evil: which while some coveted after, they have erred from the faith, and pierced themselves through with many sorrows.” -- The Apostle Paul in 1 Timothy 6: 8-10 KJV
1024 ---- The jewish goldsmiths of England had complete control of gold supply of England and started issuing paper receipts of deposits, paper money. Soon more receipts were issued than
available gold. Fractional Reserve Banking was born.
1100 ---- King William II of England establishes talley sticks (real wooden sticks) as money to gain
control of money from the jewish goldsmiths. Although other systems of money existed, talley sticks were valid money for 726 years until 1826.
1609 ---- The first central bank in history, it was privately owned, was established by the jews in
Amsterdam, Netherlands.
1612 ---- "If money be not thy servant, it will be thy master. The covetous man cannot so properly be
said to possess wealth, as that may be said to possess him."
-- Sir Francis Bacon (1561-1626) Philosopher, essayist, British Lord Chancellor
1694 ---- The Bank of England, a privately owned central bank, was chartered by King William II
(William of Orange from the Netherlands). The Bank of England was given one square mile inside London and was called The City of London which was a city state, not part of England, outside of the control of the English government.
1694 ---- "The bank hath benefit of interest on all moneys which it creates out of nothing."
-- William Paterson (1658-1719) Founder of the Bank of England in 1694, the privately owned central bank for the Kingdom of England.
1764 ---- "That is simple. In the Colonies we issue our own money. It is called Colonial Scrip. We issue it in proper proportion to the demands of trade and industry to make the products pass easily
from the producers to the consumers. In this manner creating for ourselves our own paper money, we control its purchasing power, and we have no interest to pay no one."
-- Benjamin Franklin when asked by officials of the Bank of England to explain the prosperity of the colonies in America.
1764 ---- The British Parliament passed the Currency Act of 1764 which prohibited colonial officials
from issuing their own money and ordered them to pay all future taxes in gold or silver coins.
1765 ---- Financial depression occurs in the Thirteen Colonies because of the Currency Act of 1764.
1776 ---- The American Revolutionary War of independence of the thirteen colonies from England
begins.
1777 ---- “The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union” of the thirteen States was passed by the Continental Congress and sent to the thirteen States for ratification.
1778 ---- "Paper money eventually returns to its intrinsic value -- zero."
-- Voltaire [François Marie Arouet] (1694-1778)
1780 ---- "In one year (after the Coinage Act of 1764), the conditions were so reversed that the era of
prosperity ended, and a depression set in, to such an extent that the streets of the colonies were filled with the unemployed...The colonies would gladly have borne the little tax on tea and other matters had it not been that England took away from the colonies their money which created unemployment and dissatisfaction. The viability of the colonists to get power to issue their own money permanently out of the hands of King George III and the international bankers was the prime reason for the revolutionary war." -- Benjamin Franklin in his autobiography/memoirs
1781 ---- “The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union” of the thirteen States was ratified and in force on March 1, 1781.
1781 ---- The Bank of North America (the 1st central bank, privately owned) was chartered for 4 years by the Continental Congress under the Articles of Confederation. The charter was not renewed.
1783 ---- The American Revolutionary War ends.
1785 ---- "This institution (The Bank of North America), having no principle but that of avarice, will
never be varied in its objective...to engross all the wealth, power and influence of the state."
-- William Findlay of Pennsylvania, the leader of the effort to kill the bank.
1787 ---- “All the perplexities, confusion and distress in America arise, not from defects in their
Constitution or Confederation, not from want of honor or virtue, so much as from the downright ignorance of the nature of coin, credit and circulation.”
-- John Adams in a 1787 letter to Thomas Jefferson
1787 ---- "Paper money has had the effect in your state that it will ever have, to ruin commerce, oppress the honest, and open the door to every species of fraud and injustice."
-- George Washington (1732-1799) Founding Father, 1st US President
Source: in letter to J. Bowen, Rhode Island, Jan. 9, 1787
1788 ---- "So low and hopeless are the finances of the United States, that, the year before last Congress was obliged to borrow money even, to pay the interest of the principal which we had borrowed before. This wretched resource of turning interest into principal, is the most humiliating and disgraceful measure that a nation could take, and approximates with rapidity to absolute ruin:
Yet it is the inevitable and certain consequence of such a system as the existing Confederation."
-- William Richardson Davie (1756-1820) Governor of North Carolina
(1798-1799), North Carolina delegate to the 1787-88 Constitutional Convention
Source: speech in the Proceedings and Debates of the Convention of North-Carolina,
Convened at Hillsborough, on Monday the 21st Day of July, 1788, for the Purpose of Deliberating and Determining on the Constitution Recommended by the General Convention at Philadelphia, the 17th Day of September, 1787: To Which is Prefixed the Said Constitution (Edenton, N.C.: Hodge and Wills, 1789).
1788 ---- "I can scarcely contemplate a greater calamity that could befall this country, than be loaded
with a debt exceeding their ability ever to discharge. If this be a just remark, it is unwise and
improvident to vest in the general government a power to borrow at discretion, without any
limitation or restriction."
-- Brutus pseudonym, probably Robert Yates (1738-1801) politician and judge
Source: The Anti-Federalist,1787-88.
1790 ---- "Let me issue and control a nation's money and I care not who writes the laws."
-- Mayer Amschel Rothschild, 1790 jewish financier, one of the founders of the jewish
international Rothschild banking dynasty
1791 ---- "I consider the foundation of the Constitution as laid on this ground that 'all powers not
delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are preserved to the states or to the people.' ... To take a single step beyond the boundaries thus specially drawn around the powers of Congress is to take possession of a boundless field of power, no longer susceptible of any definition. The incorporation of a bank, and the powers assumed by this bill (chartering the first Bank of the United States), have not, been delegated to the United States by the Constitution."
-- Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826), US Founding Father, drafted the Declaration of Independence, 3rd US President
Source: in opposition to the chartering of the first Bank of the United States (1791).
1791 ---- The First Bank of the United States (the 2nd central bank, privately owned) was chartered for 20 years by Congress and signed into law by George Washington, the first President of the United States under the US Constitution.
1796 ---- "I wish it were possible to obtain a single amendment to our constitution taking from the
Federal Government their power of borrowing."
-- Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) then Secretary of State of the United States
1802 ---- "When a government is dependent upon bankers for money, they and not the leaders of the
government control the situation, since the hand that gives is above the hand that takes. Money has no motherland; financiers are without patriotism and without decency; their sole object is gain."
-- Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) Emperor of France
1802 ---- "If the American people ever allow private banks to control the issue of their money, first by inflation and then by deflation, the banks and corporations that will grow up around them (around the banks), will deprive the people of their property until their children will wake up homeless on the continent their fathers conquered." -- Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826)
Source: in 1802 in a letter to then Secretary of the Treasury, Albert Gallatin
1811 ---- "The system of banking [is] a blot left in all our Constitutions, which, if not covered, will end in their destruction... I sincerely believe that banking institutions are more dangerous than standing armies; and that the principle of spending money to be paid by posterity... is but swindling futurity on a large scale." -- Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826),
Source: stated in 1811 when President Jefferson refused to renew the charter for the First Bank of the United States (the 2nd central bank chartered by Congress in 1791)
1811 ---- “Either the application for renewal of the charter (for the First Bank of the United States) is
granted, or the United States will find itself involved in a most disastrous war.”
-- Baron Nathan Mayer Rothschild (1777-1836) London jewish financier, one of the founders of the jewish international Rothschild banking dynasty
1812 ---- "History records that the money changers have used every form of abuse, intrigue, deceit, and violent means possible to maintain their control over governments by controlling the money and its issuance."
-- James Madison (1751-1836), Father of the Constitution for the USA, 4th US President
1812 ---- The War of 1812 commences with an invasion of the United States by England as promised by Nathan Rothschild of England for not renewing the charter of the First Bank of the United States.
1815 ---- "I care not what puppet is placed on the throne of England to rule the Empire, ... The man that controls Britain's money supply controls the British Empire. And I control the money supply.''
-- Baron Nathan Mayer Rothschild (1777-1836) London jewish financier, one of the founders of the jewish international Rothschild banking dynasty
1816 ---- The War of 1812 ends and the Second Bank of the United States (the 3rd central bank,
privately owned) is chartered for 20 years by Congress.
1826 ---- The talley stick is taken out of circulation in England.
1826 ---- "Banks have done more injury to the religion, morality, tranquility, prosperity, and even wealth of the nation than they can have done or ever will do good."
-- John Adams (1735-1826) Founding Father, 2nd US President
1832 ---- Congress passes The Second Bank of the United States charter renewal four years early at the request of the bank.
1832 ---- "It is not our own citizens only who are to receive the bounty of our Government. More than eight millions of the stock of the Bank are held by foreigners...Is there no danger to out liberty and independence in a bank that in its nature has so little to bind it to our country?
Controlling our currency, receiving our public moneys, and holding thousands of our citizens in dependence...would be more formidable and dangerous than a military power of the enemy.
If government would confine itself to equal protection, and, as Heaven does its rains, shower the favor alike on the high and the low, the rich and the poor, it would be an unqualified blessing.
In the act before me there seems to be wide and unnecessary departure from these just principles."
-- Andrew Jackson (1767-1845) 7th US President
Source: Veto message for renewal of the charter for the Second Bank of the United States on July 10. Congress attempted to override this veto but failed.
1833 ---- "Gentlemen, I have had men watching you for a long time and I am convinced that you have used the funds of the bank to speculate in the breadstuffs of the country. When you won, you
divided the profits amongst you, and when you lost, you charged it to the bank. You tell me that if I take the deposits from the bank and annul its charter, I shall ruin ten thousand families. That may be true, gentlemen, but that is your sin! Should I let you go on, you will ruin fifty thousand families, and that would be my sin! You are a den of vipers and thieves."
-- Andrew Jackson (1767-1845) 7th US President
1833 ---- "This worthy President thinks that because he has scalped Indians and imprisoned judges, he is to have his way with the Bank. He is mistaken."
-- Nicholas Biddle, Head of the Second Bank of the United States
1833 ---- "Nothing but widespread suffering will produce any effect on Congress...Our only safety is
pursuing a steady course of firm restriction - and I have no doubt that such a course will ultimately lead to restoration of the currency and re-charter of the Bank."
-- Nicholas Biddle, Head of the Second Bank of the United States
1833 ---- "We are in danger of being overwhelmed with irredeemable paper, mere paper, representing
not gold nor silver; no sir, representing nothing but broken promises, bad faith, bankrupt corporations, cheated creditors and a ruined people." -- Daniel Webster (1782-1852), US Senator
Source: speech in the Senate, 1833
1834 ---- The Second Bank of the United States created a depression through contracting the money
supply by calling in loans and terminating credit for any new loans.
1834 ---- "You (the bank) are a den of thieves and vipers, and I intend to rout you out, and by the
Eternal God, I will rout you out." -- Andrew Jackson (1767-1845) 7th US President
1835 ---- On January 8th President Jackson pays off the final installment of the national debt, which
had been necessitated by allowing the banks to issue currency for government bonds, rather than simply issuing treasury notes without such debt. He was the only President to ever pay off the debt.
1835 ---- On January 30th an assassin called Richard Lawrence tried to shoot President Jackson, but
both pistols misfired. Lawrence was later found not guilty by reason of insanity. However, after his release he openly bragged that powerful people in Europe had put him up to the task and promised to protect him if he were caught.
1836 ---- "If Congress has the right under the Constitution to issue paper money, it was given to be used by themselves, not to be delegated to individuals or corporations."
-- Andrew Jackson (1767-1845) 7th US President
1836 ---- "The bold effort the present bank had made to control the government ... are but premonitions of the fate that await the American people should they be deluded into a perpetuation of this institution or the establishment of another like it."
-- Andrew Jackson (1767-1845) 7th US President
Source: To Congress in 1836, Jackson closed the second Federal Bank (est. 1816) with these comments
1836 ---- The charter for the Second Bank of the United States expires.
1836 ---- "A power has risen up in the government greater than the people themselves, consisting of
many and various powerful interests, combined in one mass, and held together by the cohesive
power of the vast surplus in banks."
-- John C. Calhoun (1782-1850) American statesman on June 27, 1836
1849 ---- “If my sons did not want wars, there would be none.”
-- Gutle Schnaper, wife of Mayer Amschel Rothschild, before her death in 1849
Source: “The History Of The House Of Rothschild” by Andrew Hitchcock
1852 ---- "From the time I took office as Chancellor of the Exchequer, I began to learn that the State
held, in the face of the Bank and the City, an essentially false position as to finance. The Government itself was not to be a substantive power, but was to leave the Money Power supreme and unquestioned."
-- William Gladstone, Chancellor of the Exchequer, British Cabinet, chief financial minister
1862 ---- "The government should create, issue, and circulate all the currency and credits needed to
satisfy the spending power of the government and the buying power of consumers. By adoption of these principles, the taxpayers will be saved immense sums of interest. Money will cease to be master and become the servant of humanity."
-- Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) 16th US President
1862 ---- To finance the Civil War, President Lincoln begins issuing $450-million of interest free, US
government backed “Greenbacks” to avoid paying 26% to 36% interest to private bankers.
1862 ---- "If that mischievous financial policy, which had its origin in the North American Republic,
should become indurated down to a fixture, then that government will furnish its own money
without cost. It will pay off debts and be without a debt. It will have all the money necessary to carry on its commerce. It will become prosperous beyond precedent in the history of civilized governments of the world. The brains and the wealth of all countries will go to North America. That government must be destroyed or it will destroy every monarchy on the globe."
-- The Times of London newspaper
1863 ---- "The few who understand the system, will either be so interested in its profits, or so dependent on its favours that there will be no opposition from that class, while on the other hand, the
great body of the people mentally incapable of comprehending the tremendous advantage that capital derives from the system, will bear its burdens without complaint, and perhaps without even suspecting that the system is inimical to their interests."
-- John Sherman, Protege of the jewish Rothschild banking family, June 25, 1863
Source: in a letter sent to New York bankers, Morton, and Gould, in support of the then proposed National Banking Act
1863 ---- The National Banking Act was passed terminating the issue of more ‘Greenbacks.” President Lincoln had to accept the act since Congress would not approve issuance of more
“Greenbacks.” The future United States money supply would be created out of debt by the National Banks buying United States Government Bonds and issuing them for reserves for banknotes.
1864 ---- "My agency in promoting the passage of the National Banking Act was the greatest financial mistake in my life. It has built up a monopoly which affects every interest in the country."
-- Salomon P. Chase, President Lincoln's Former Secretary To The Treasury
1864 ---- “The money powers prey upon the nation in times of peace and conspire against it in times of adversity. It is more despotic than a monarchy, more insolent than autocracy, and more selfish than bureaucracy. It denounces as public enemies all who question its methods or throw light upon its crimes. I have two great enemies, the Southern Army in front of me and the bankers in the rear. Of the two, the one at my rear is my greatest foe.”
-- Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) 16th US President
Source: Letter to a friend on November 21, 1864
1865 ---- "I see in the near future a crisis approaching that unnerves me and causes me to tremble for the safety of my country; corporations have been enthroned, an era of corruption in High Places will follow, and the Money Power of the Country will endeavor to prolong its reign by working upon the prejudices of the People, until the wealth is aggregated in a few hands, and the Republic is destroyed." -- Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) 16th US President
Source: shortly before his assassination in reply to a letter from a friend in Illinois, as the War of Northern Aggression wound down
1865 ---- Abraham Lincoln assassinated.
1866 ---- The Contraction Act was passed systematically retiring the “Greenbacks” which represented a 760% decrease in buying power over 20 years. A depression started.
1866 ---- "The death of Lincoln was a disaster for Christendom. There was no man in the United States great enough to wear his boots and the bankers went anew to grab the riches. I fear that foreign bankers with their craftiness and tortuous tricks will entirely control the exuberant riches of America and use it to systematically corrupt civilization."
-- Otto von Bismarck (1815-1898) Founder of the German Empire, Prime minister of Prussia after the Lincoln assassination
1869 ---- "Thanks to the terrible power of our International Banks, we have forced the Christians into
wars without number. Wars have a special value for Jews, since Christians massacre each other and make more room for us Jews. Wars are the Jews' Harvest: The Jew banks grow fat on Christian wars. Over 100-million Christians have been swept off the face of the earth by wars, and the end is not yet."
-- Rabbi Reichorn, speaking at the funeral of Grand Rabbi Simeon Ben-Iudah, 1869, in France
1870 ---- "And the men who loan money to governments, so called, for the purpose of enabling the latter to rob, enslave, and murder their people, are among the greatest villains that the world has ever seen. And they as much deserve to be hunted and killed (if they cannot otherwise be got rid of) as any slave traders, robbers, or pirates that ever lived."
-- Lysander Spooner (1808-1887) Political theorist, activist, abolitionist
Source: The Constitution of No Authority (Boston: 1870)
1870 ---- "The Rothschilds, and that class of money-lenders of whom they are the representatives and
agents -- men who never think of lending a shilling to their next-door neighbors, for purposes of honest industry, unless upon the most ample security, and at the highest rate of interest -- stand ready, at all times, to lend money in unlimited amounts to those robbers and murderers, who call themselves governments, to be expended in shooting down those who do not submit quietly to being robbed and enslaved."
-- Lysander Spooner (1808-1887) Political theorist, activist, abolitionist
Source: "No Treason #6" (1870)
1873 ---- The Coinage Act was passed which de-monetized silver to get the US on the gold standard
since the jewish international banking cartel controlled all gold.
1874 ---- "I went to America in the winter of 1872 - 1873, authorized to secure, if I could, the passage of a bill de-monetizing silver. It was in the interests of those I represented, the governors of the Bank Of England, to have it done. By 1873, gold coins were the only form of coin money."
-- Ernest Seyd, agent for the Bank of England.
1875 --- "The division of the United States into federations of equal force was decided long before the Civil War by the high financial powers of Europe, these bankers were afraid that the United States if they remained as one block and as one nation, would attain economic and financial independence which would upset their financial domonation over the world."
-- Otto Von Bismark, Chancellor of Germany (1871 - 1890)
1876 ---- "The disaster of the Dark Ages was caused by decreasing money and falling prices... Without money, civilization could not have had a beginning, and with a diminishing supply, it must
languish, and unless relieved, finally perish. At the Christian era the metallic money of the Roman Empire amounted to $1,800,000,000. By the end of the 15th century it had shrunk to less than $200,000,000...History records no other such disastrous transition as that from the Roman Empire to the Dark Ages..."
-- United States Silver Commission investigating the continuous depression
1877 ---- "It is advisable to do all in your power to sustain such prominent daily and weekly newspapers, especially the Agricultural and Religious Press, as well as oppose the Greenback issue of paper money and that you will also withold patronage from all applicants who are not willing to oppose the government issue of money.... To repeal the Act creating bank notes, or to restore to circulation issue of money will be to provide the people with money and will therefore seriously affect our individual profits as bankers and lenders. See your Congressman at once and engage him to support our interests that we may control legislation."
-- James Buel , Secretary of the American Bankers Association in a letter to their members
1878 ---- The Sherman Law was passed allowing the minting of a limited number of silver dollars.
1881 ---- "The chief duty of the National Government in connection with the currency of the country is to coin money and declare its value. Grave doubts have been entertained whether Congress is
authorized by the Constitution to make any form of paper money legal tender. The present issue of United States notes has been sustained by the necessities of war; but such paper should depend for its value and currency upon its convenience in use and its prompt redemption in coin at the will of the holder, and not upon its compulsory circulation. These notes are not money, but promises to pay money. If the holders demand it, the promise should be kept."
-- James A. Garfield (1831-1881) 20th President of the United States (1881)
Source: Inaugural Address, March 14, 1881
1881 ---- "Whoever controls the volume of money in our country is absolute master of all industry and commerce, and when you realize that the entire system is very easily controlled, one way or
another, by a few powerful men at the top, you will not have to be told how periods of inflation and depression originate."
-- James A. Garfield, 20th U.S. president, two weeks before he was assassinated
1881 ---- President James A. Garfield was assassinated on July 2, 1881.
1891 ---- "On September 1st 1894 we will not renew our loans under any consideration.
On September 1st we will demand our money. We will foreclose and become mortgagees in
possession. We can take two-thirds of the farms west of the Mississippi, and thousands of them east of the Mississippi as well, at our own price...Then the farmers will become tenants as in England...," -- Memo to members of the American Bankers Association
Source: The Congressional Record of April 29, 1913.
1895 ---- "No legal tender law is ever needed to make men take good money; its only use is to make them take bad money." -- Stephen T. Byington, American Federationist, September 1895
1896 ---- "We will answer their (the bankers) demand for a gold standard by saying to them, you shall not press down upon the brow of labor this crown of thorns, you shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold." -- Senator William Jennings Bryan, Democrat candidate for President
Source: Democrat National Convention, Chicago, Illinois
1896 ---- "The wealthy Jews control the world. In their hands lies the fate of governments and nations. They set governments, one against the other, and by their decree, governments make peace (or war). When the wealthy Jews play, the nations and the rulers dance. One way or the other, they (the Jews) get rich. " -- Theodore Herzl - Founder of Zionism, in 'Deutsche Zeitung'
1898 ---- "On the one hand there is the party which holds the power because it holds the wealth, which has in its grasp all labor and all trade, which manipulates for its own benefit and its own
purposes all the sources of supply, and which is powerfully represented in the councils of State itself. On the other side there is the needy and powerless multitude, sore and suffering.
Rapacious usury, which, although more than once condemned by the Church, is nevertheless under a different form but with the same guilt, still practiced by avaricious and grasping men...so that a small number of very rich men have been able to lay upon the masses of the poor a yoke little better than slavery itself." -- Pope Leo XIII statement on usury
1900 ---- "The issue which has swept down the centuries and which will have to be fought sooner or
later is the people versus the banks."
-- Lord Acton [John Emerich Edward Dalberg Acton] (1834-1902), First Baron Acton of Aldenham
1907 ---- Engineered stock market crash and depression in preparation for a privately owned central
bank for the United States. J.P. Morgan, a Rothschild of London agent, bailed out collapsing small banks having bank runs with $400-million of fiat paper money.
1910 ---- "Under the surface, the Rothschilds long had a powerful influence in dictating American
financial laws. The law records show that they were powers in the old Bank of the United States [abolished by Andrew Jackson]." -- Gustav Myers, author
Source: "History of the Great American Fortunes"
1910 ---- Meeting in Jekyll Island, Georgia to formulate the plan for the privately owned Federal
Reserve Bank. Some key attendees were: Senator Nelson Aldrich of Rhode Island and head of the National Monetary Commission whose daughter married John D. Rockefeller, Jr.; J.P. Morgan, Banker and Rothschild agent; Frank Vanderslip, President of National Citibank representative of the Rockefeller family; Paul Warburg and Jacob Schiff of Rothschild owned Kuhn, Loeb and Company. Though marriage, the Rothschilds, Warburgs, and Schiffs were essentially the same jewish family from Europe controlling the jewish international banking cartel.
1912 ---- The Aldrich Bill establishing the privately owned Federal Reserves Bank system was introduced by the Republicans but failed to get enough support to pass in the Congress.
1912 ---- "The Aldrich plan is the Wall Street Plan. It means another panic, if necessary, to intimidate
the people. Aldrich, paid by the government to represent the people, proposes a plan for the trusts (bankers) instead." -- Senator Charles A. Lindbergh, Sr., Republican
1913 ---- The Glass-Owens Bill almost identical to the Aldrich Bill establishing a privately owned
Federal Reserve System was introduced by the Democrats and was passed in Congress on December 22, 1913. President Woodrow Wilson approved the bill later. Wilson had no choice since the bankers had arranged an on going extramarital affair for him which they threatened to reveal.
1913 ---- "The...bill (Glass-Owens) grants just what Wall Street and the big banks for twenty-five years have been striving for - private instead of public control of currency. It (the Glass-Owen bill)
does this as completely as the Aldrich bill. Both measures rob the government and the people of all effective control over the public's money, and vest in the banks exclusively the dangerous power to make money among the people scarce or plenty."
-- Alfred Crozier, Ohio Attorney testifying before Congress during the debates
1913 ---- Senator Aldrich pushed through a bill for direct income tax on the people resulting in the
16th Amendment which was needed to allow taxes to be collected toward the debt that would be created from the Glass-Owens Bill/Federal Reserve Act.
1913 ---- "This Act (Glass-Owens Bill/Federal Reserve Act) establishes the most gigantic trust on earth. When the President (Woodrow Wilson) signs this bill, the invisible government of the monetary power will be legalized. The people may not know it immediately, but the day of reckoning is only a few years removed...The worst legislative crime of the ages is perpetrated by this banking and currency bill."
-- Charles A. Lindbergh, Sr. (1859-1924) Congressman (R-MN), father of famous aviator
Source: his book, Banking and Currency and The Money Trust, 1913
1913 ---- "We have restricted credit, we have restricted opportunity, we have controlled development,
and we have come to be one of the worst ruled, one of the most completely controlled and dominated, governments in the civilized world--no longer a government by free opinion, no longer a government by conviction and the vote of the majority, but a government by the opinion and the duress of small groups of dominant men."
-- Woodrow Wilson (1856-1924) 28th US President 1913
Source: in his book, The New Freedom: A Call For the Emancipation of the Generous Energies of a People, chapter 9
1916 ---- "Those who create and issue money and credit direct the policies of government and hold in the hollow of their hands the destiny of the people."
-- Reginald McKenna (1863-1943) British Chancellor of Exchequer
1920 ---- “The one aim of these financiers is world control by creation of inextinguishable debts.”
-- Henry Ford
1920 ---- “It is well enough that people of the nation do not understand our banking and monetary
system, for if they did, I believe there would be a revolution before tomorrow morning.”
-- Henry Ford
1921 ---- "If our nation can issue a dollar bond, it can issue a dollar bill. The element that makes the
bond good, makes the bill good, also...It is absurd to say that our country can issue 30 million dollars in bonds and not 30 million dollars in currency. Both are promises to pay, but one promise fattens the usurers and the other helps the people." -- Thomas Edison, Inventor
Source: New York Times, December 6, 1921
1922 ---- "The real menace of our Republic is the invisible government which like a giant octopus
sprawls its slimy legs over our cities states and nation. At the head is a small group of banking houses generally referred to as 'international bankers.' This little coterie... run our government for their own selfish ends. It operates under cover of a self-created screen...[and] seizes...our executive officers... legislative bodies...schools... courts... newspapers and every agency created for the public protection."
-- John F. Hylan - 1922 (1868-1936), Mayor of New York City (1918-1925), nicknamed "Red Mike"
1924 ---- "Capital must protect itself in every possible way, both by combination and legislation. Debts must be collected, mortgages foreclosed as rapidly as possible. When, through process of law,
the common people lose their homes, they will become more docile and more easily governed
through the strong arm of the government applied by a central power of wealth under leading financiers. These truths are well known among our principal men, who are now engaged in forming an imperialism to govern the world. By dividing the voters through the political party system, we can get them to expend their energies in fighting for questions od no importance.
It is thus, by discrete action, we can secure for ourselves that which has been so well planned and so successfully accomplished."
-- Montagu Norman, Governor of The Bank Of England, addressing the United States Bankers' Association, New York, 1924.
1927 ---- "Banking was conceived in iniquity and was born in sin. The Bankers own the earth. Take it
away from them, but leave them the power to create deposits, and with the flick of the pen they will create enough deposits to buy it back again. However, take it away from them, and all the great fortunes like mine will disappear and they ought to disappear, for this would be a happier and better world to live in. But, if you wish to remain the slaves of Bankers and pay the cost of your own slavery, let them continue to create deposits."
-- Sir Josiah Stamp (1880-1941) President of the Bank of England in the 1920's, the second richest man in Britain
Source: Speaking at the Commencement Address of the University of Texas in 1927.
1929 ---- Engineered stock market crash and the Great Depression begins.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1930 ---- The Bank for International Settlements (BIS) (the bank of the central banks) was established in Switzerland by Charles G. Dawes (Rothschild agent and Vice President under President Calvin Coolidge from 1925-1929), Owen D. Young (Rothschild agent, founder of RCA and Chairman of General Electric from 1922 until 1939), and Hjalmar Schacht of Germany (President of the Reichsbank). The BIS has the status of a sovereign power and is immune from governmental control.
1930 ---- "The Federal Reserve Bank of New York is eager to enter into close relationship with the Bank for International Settlements.... The conclusion is impossible to escape that the State and
Treasury Departments are willing to pool the banking system of Europe and America, setting up a world financial power independent of and above the Government of the United States....
The United States under present conditions will be transformed from the most active of manufacturing nations into a consuming and importing nation with a balance of trade against it."
-- Louis McFadden (1876-1936) US Congressman (R-PA) (1915-1935), Chairman of House Banking and Currency Committee. Poisoned in 1936.
Source: quoted in the New York Times (June 1930)
1931 ---- "I think it can hardly be disputed that the statesmen and financiers of Europe are ready to take almost any means to reacquire rapidly the gold stock which Europe lost to America as a result of World War I."
-- Louis McFadden February, 1931 (1876-1936) US Congressman (R-PA) (1915-1935),
Chairman of House Banking and Currency Committee. Poisoned in 1936
1932 ---- "It was not accidental [the 1929 stock-market “crash”]. It was a carefully contrived
occurrence. ... The international bankers sought to bring about a condition of despair here so that they might emerge as rulers of us all."
-- Louis McFadden (1876-1936) US Congressman (R-PA) (1915-1935), Chairman of House
Banking and Currency Committee. Poisoned in 1936.
1932 ---- "The Federal Reserve (Banks) are one of the most corrupt institutions the world has ever seen. There is not a man within the sound of my voice who does not know that this Nation is run by
the International Bankers. What is needed here is a return to the Constitution of the United States. We need to have a complete divorce of Bank and State. The old struggle that was fought out here in Jackson's day must be fought over again... The Federal Reserve Act should be repealed and the Federal Reserve Banks, having violated their charters, should be liquidated immediately. Faithless Government officers who have violated their oaths of office should be impeached and brought to trial. Unless this is done by us, I predict that the American people, outraged, robbed, pillaged, insulted, and betrayed as they are in their own land, will rise in their wrath and send a President here who will sweep the money changers out of the temple."
-- Louis McFadden (1876-1936) US Congressman (R-PA) (1915-1935), Chairman of House
Banking and Currency Committee. Poisoned in 1936.
Source: Speech in Congress, June 10, 1932
1933 ---- “The real truth of the matter is, as you and I know, that a financial element in the large centers has owned the Government ever since the days of Andrew Jackson ... The country is going
through a repetition of Jackson’s fight with the Bank of the United States - - only on a far bigger and broader basis.” -- Franklin Delano Roosevelt - U.S. President (1932-1945)
Source: A 1933 letter to Colonel House
1933 ---- "Mr. Chairman, I see no reason why citizens of the United States should be terrorized into
surrendering their property to the International Bankers who own and control the Federal Reserve."
-- Louis McFadden (1876-1936) US Congressman (R-PA) (1915-1935), Chairman of House
Banking and Currency Committee. Poisoned in 1936.
Source: 9 March 1933, in his Speech to the House of Representatives, Congressional Record
1934 ---- "Britain is the slave of an international financial bloc."
-- David Lloyd George, former British Prime Minister
Source: New Britain magazine of London, June 20th issue
1934 ---- "Democracy has no more persistent and insidious foe than money power...questions regarding Bank of England, its conduct and its objects, are not allowed by the Speaker (of the House of Commons)." -- Lord Bryce, British House of Commons
Source: New Britain magazine of London, June 20th issue
1934 ---- FDR outlaws private ownership of gold with Gold Reserve Act..
1934 ---- "The course of Russian history has, indeed, been greatly affected by the operations of
international bankers... The Soviet Government has been given United States Treasury funds by the Federal Reserve Board... acting through the Chase Bank. ...
England has drawn money from us through the Federal Reserve Banks and has re-lent it at high rates of interest to the Soviet Government... The Dnieperstory Dam was built with funds unlawfully taken from the United States Treasury by the corrupt and dishonest Federal Reserve Board and the Federal Reserve Banks."
-- Louis McFadden (1876-1936) US Congressman (R-PA) (1915-1935), Chairman of House
Banking and Currency Committee. Poisoned in 1936.
Source: Congressional Record 1934
1935 ---- "After World War I, Germany fell into the hands of the German International Bankers. Those bankers bought her and now they own her, lock, stock, and barrel. They have purchased her
industries, they have mortgages on her soil, they control her production, they control all her public utilities.
The international German bankers have subsidized the present Government of Germany and they have also supplied every dollar of the money Adolph Hitler has used in his lavish campaign to build up a threat to the government of Bruening. When Bruening fails to obey the orders of the German International Bankers, Hitler is brought forth to scare the Germans into submission...
Through the Federal Reserve Board over 30 billion of dollars of American money...has been pumped into Germany...You have all heard of the spending that has taken place in Germany...modernistic dwellings, her great planetariums, her gymnasiums, her swimming pools, her fine public highways, her perfect factories. All this was done on our money. All this was given to Germany through the Federal Reserve Board. The Federal Reserve Board...has pumped so many billions of dollars into Germany that they dare not name the total."
-- Louis McFadden (1876-1936) US Congressman (R-PA) (1915-1935), Chairman of House
Banking and Currency Committee. Poisoned in 1936.
1935 ---- "I was as secretive indeed, as furtive as any conspirator...Discovery we knew, simply must not happen, or else all our time and effort would be wasted. If it were to be exposed that our particular group had got together and written a banking bill, that bill would have no chance whatever of passage by Congress." -- Frank Vanderlip, President of National Citibank, a Rockefeller bank, confirmed the 1910 Jekyll Island trip
Source: February 9, 1935 edition of the Saturday Evening Post
1935 ---- "If all the bank loans were paid, no one could have a bank deposit, and there would not be a
dollar of coin or currency in circulation. This is a staggering thought. We are completely dependent on the commercial Banks. Someone has to borrow every dollar we have in circulation, cash or credit. If the Banks create ample synthetic money we are prosperous; if not, we starve. We are absolutely without a permanent money system. When one gets a complete grasp of the picture, the tragic absurdity of our hopeless position is almost incredible, but there it is. It is the most important subject intelligent persons can investigate and reflect upon. It is so important that our present civilization may collapse unless it becomes widely understood and the defects remedied very soon."
-- Robert Hemphill, Credit Manager of Federal Reserve Bank, Atlanta, Ga.
Source: In the foreword to a book by Irving Fisher, entitled 100% Money
1935 ---- "Thus, our national circulating medium is now at the mercy of loan transactions of banks,
which lend, not money, but promises to supply money they do not possess."
-- Irving Fisher (1867-1947) American economist
Source: 100% Money, 1935
1935 ---- "Once a nation parts with the control of its currency and credit, it matters not who makes the nations laws. Usury, once in control, will wreck any nation. Until the control of the issue of
currency and credit is restored to government and recognized as its most sacred responsibility, all talk of the sovereignty of parliament and of democracy is idle and futile."
-- William Lyon Mackenzie King (1874-1950) Prime Minister of Canada 1935
1936 ---- "When the Federal Reserve Act was passed, the people of these United States did not perceive that a world banking system was being set up here. A super-state controlled by international
bankers and industrialists...acting together to enslave the world...Every effort has been made by the Fed to conceal its powers but the truth is--the Fed has usurped the government."
-- Louis McFadden (1876-1936) US Congressman (R-PA) (1915-1935), Chairman of House
Banking and Currency Committee. Poisoned in 1936.
1936 ---- Congressman Louis McFadden died from poisoning.
1937 ---- All gold in the United States stored in Ft. Knox.
1940 ---- "Economic control is not merely control of a sector of human life that can be separated from
the rest; it is the control of the means for all our ends."
-- Ludwig von Mises (1881-1973) Economist and social philosopher, escaped from NAZI Germany
Source: Human Action
1941 ---- Congressman Patman: "How did you get the money to buy those two billion dollars worth of Government securities in 1933?"
Federal Reserve Governor Eccles: "Out of the right to issue credit money."
Patman: "And there is nothing behind it, is there, except our Government's credit?"
Federal Reserve Governor Eccles: "That is what our money system is. If there were no debts in our money system, there wouldn't be any money."
Congressman Fletcher: "Chairman Eccles, when do you think there is a possibility of returning to a free and open market, instead of this pegged and artificially controlled financial market we now have?"
Federal Reserve Governor Eccles: "Never, not in your lifetime or mine."
-- Marriner Stoddard Eccles (1890-1977) US banker, economist, and Chairman of the Federal
Reserve (1934-48)
Source: during hearings of the House Committee on Banking and Currency, September 30, 1941.
1943 ---- "Wars in old times were made to get slaves. The modern implement of imposing slavery is
debt." -- Ezra Pound, (1885-1972) American poet March 25, 1943
1943 ---- “The usurers act through fraud, falsification, superstitions, habits and, when these methods do not function, they let loose a war. Everything hinges on monopoly, and the particular monopolies hinge around the great illusionistic monetary monopoly.”
-- Ezra Pound, (1885-1972) American poet
1944 ---- In Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and the World
Bank (initially called the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development or IBRD - the name, "World Bank," was not actually adopted until 1975), were approved with full United States participation which created a banking cartel comprising the world's privately owned central banks, which gradually assumed the power to dictate credit policies to the banks of all member nations through IMF issued global fiat money known as Special Drawing Rights, SDR’s. All member nation currencies were fully exchangeable for SDR’s. The Federal Reserve and the Bank of England have effective control through voting supremacy.
1945 ---- The United Nations is created.
1946 ---- The Bank of England is nationalized, but since the government did not have the money to buy it, government stocks were issued to the owners and the government has to pay interest on the
stocks.
1950 ---- "We shall have World Government, whether or not we like it. The only question is whether
World Government will be achieved by conquest or consent."
-- James Paul Warburg (1896-1969) son of Paul Moritz Warburg, nephew of Felix Warburg and of Jacob Schiff, both of Kuhn, Loeb & Co. which poured millions into the Russian Revolution through James' brother Max, banker to the German government, Chairman of the CFR
Source: while speaking before the United States Senate, February 17, 1950
1953 ---- President Dwight D. Eisenhower orders an audit of the gold in Ft. Knox. The audit reveals
700 million ounces of gold which represents 70% of the known gold in the world.
1957 ---- "The Federal Reserve Bank is nothing but a banking fraud and an unlawful crime against
civilization. Why? Because they "create" the money made out of nothing, and our Uncle Sap
Government issues their "Federal Reserve Notes" and stamps our Government approval with NO obligation whatever from these Federal Reserve Banks, Individual Banks or National Banks, etc."
-- H. L. Birum, Sr.
Source: American Mercury magazine, August 1957, p. 43
1960 ---- "Most Americans have no real understanding of the operation of the international money
lenders. The accounts of the Federal Reserve System have never been audited. It operates outside of the control of Congress and manipulates the credit of the United States."
-- Barry Goldwater (1909-1998) US Senator (R-Arizona)
1963 ---- President John F. Kennedy authorizes issuance of United States silver certificates.
1963 ---- President John F. Kennedy assassinated.
1964 ---- "The dollar represents a one dollar debt to the Federal Reserve System. The Federal Reserve Banks create money out of thin air to buy Government Bonds from the U.S. Treasury ... and
has created out of nothing a ... debt which the American people are obliged to pay with interest."
-- Wright Patman [John William Wright Patman] (1893-1976) US Congressman, (TX-D), 1964
1966 ---- “The powers of financial capitalism had another far reaching aim, nothing less than to create a world system of financial control in private hands able to dominate the political system of each country and the economy of the world as a whole. This system was to be controlled in a
feudalist fashion by the central banks of the world acting in concert, by secret agreements arrived at in frequent meetings and conferences.
The apex of the system was to be the Bank For International Settlements in Basel, Switzerland a private bank owned and controlled by the world's central banks which were themselves private corporations.
Each central bank...sought to dominate its government by its ability to control treasury loans, to manipulate foreign exchanges, to influence the level of economic activity in the Country, and to influence cooperative politicians by subsequent economic rewards in the business world."
-- Carrol Quigley - GU Professor - 1966 from his book “Tragedy and Hope: A History of the World In Our Time”
1967 ---- “For a long time I felt that FDR had developed many thoughts and ideas that were his own to benefit this country, the United States. But he didn’t. Most of his thoughts were carefully
manufactured for him in advance by the Council on Foreign Relation-One World Money Group. The United Nations is but a long range, international banking apparatus clearly set up for financial and economic profit by a small group of powerful One-World revolutionaries, hungry for profit and power. The One-World government leaders and their ever close bankers have now acquired full control of the money and credit machinery of the U.S. via creation of the privately owned Federal Reserve bank.”
-- Curtis Dall - FDR’s Son-in-law from his 1967 book “FDR: My Exploited Father-in-law”
1967 ---- "Actually, it (the 1929 Stock Market crash) was the calculated 'shearing' of the public by the
World-Money powers triggered by the planned sudden shortage of call money in the New York Money Market."
-- Curtis Dall - FDR’s Son-in-law from his 1967 book “FDR: My Exploited Father-in-law.”
Curtis Dall was working for Lehmann Brothers as a broker on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange on the day of the crash.
1967 ---- "In the United States today, we have in effect two governments...We have the duly constituted government...Then we have an independent, uncontrolled and uncoordinated government in the Federal Reserve System, operating the money powers which are reserved to Congress by the Constitution."
-- Wright Patman [John William Wright Patman] (1893-1976) US Congressman, (TX-D), 1967
1971 ---- President Richard M. Nixon repeals the 1934 Gold Reserve Act so citizens can own gold.
1971 ---- President Richard M. Nixon removes the United States from the gold standard.
1974 ---- "With the exception only of the period of the gold standard, practically all governments of
history have used their exclusive power to issue money to defraud and plunder the people."
-- Fredrich August von Hayek (1899-1992), Nobel Laureate of Economic Sciences 1974
1975 ---- "The study of money, above all other fields in economics, is one in which complexity is used to disguise truth or to evade truth, not to reveal it. The process by which banks create money is
so simple the mind is repelled. With something so important, a deeper mystery seems only decent." -- John Kenneth Galbraith (1908- ) Canadian-born economist, Harvard professor
Source: 'Money: Whence it came, where it went' (1975)
1975 ---- "Allegations of missing gold from our Fort Knox vaults are being widely discussed in European financial circles. But what is puzzling is that the Administration is not hastening to
demonstrate conclusively that there is no cause for concern over our gold treasure, if indeed it is in a position to do so."
-- Edith Roosevelt, the grand-daughter of President Theodore Roosevelt
Source: New Hampshire Sunday News, March 1975 edition
1987 ---- Edmond de Rothschild creates the World Conservation Bank which is designed to transfer
debts from third world countries to this bank and in return those countries would give land to this bank.
1991 ---- "We are grateful to the Washington Post, the New York Times, Time Magazine, and other
great publications whose directors have attended our meetings and respected their promises of
discretion for almost 40 years. It would have been impossible for us to develop our plan for the world, if we had been subjected to the lights of publicity during those years. But the world is now more sophisticated and prepared to march towards a world government. The supranational sovereignty of an intellectual elite and world bankers is surely preferable to the national auto-determination practised in past centuries."
-- David Rockefeller, Globalist, founder of the Trilateral Commission
Source: Bilderberg Conference on June 6 to 9, 1991 in Baden-Baden, Germany
1996 ---- "The Federal Reserve definitely caused the Great Depression by contracting the amount of
currency in circulation by one-third from 1929 to 1933."
-- Milton Friedman, Nobel Laureate of Economic Sciences
Source: Radio interview in January 1996
1997 ---- "The next government must grasp the nettle, accept their responsibility for controlling the
money supply and change from our debt-based monetary system. My Lords, will they? If they do not, our monetary system will break us and the sorry legacy we are already leaving our children will be a disaster." -- Earl of Caithness
Source: HANSARD, 5th March 1997, volume 578, No. 68, columns 1869-1871
1999 ---- "The dirty little secret is that both houses of Congress are irrelevant. ... America's domestic
policy is now being run by Alan Greenspan and the Federal Reserve, and America's foreign policy is now being run by the International Monetary Fund [IMF]. ...when the president decides to go to war, he no longer needs a declaration of war from Congress."
-- Robert Reich, US Secretary of Labor under Bill Clinton
Source: January 7, 1999 issue of USA Today
2000 ---- "When a government controls both the economic power of individuals and the coercive power of the state ... this violates a fundamental rule of happy living: Never let the people with all the
money and the people with all the guns be the same people."
-- P. J. O'Rourke (1947- ) US humorist, journalist, & political commentator
2002 ---- "Regarding the Great Depression. You're right, we did it. We're very sorry."
-- Ben Bernanke, Academic Advisory Panel at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York,
Responding to Milton Friedman concerning the Federal Reserve, 2002.
2008 ---- Western nations under the control of the jewish international banking cartel enter a financial
depression.
2009 ---- "The banks -- hard to believe in a time when we're facing a banking crisis that many of the
banks created -- are still the most powerful lobby on Capitol Hill. They frankly own the place."
-- U.S. Senator Dick Durbin, Democratic Party Whip, April 30, 2009
"For what will it profit men that a more prudent distribution and use of riches make it possible for them to gain even the whole world, if thereby they suffer the loss of their own souls? What will it profit to teach them sound principles in economics, if they permit themselves to be so swept away by selfishness, by unbridled and sordid greed, that, 'hearing the Commandments of the Lord, they do all things contrary.” -- Pope Pius XI (1857-1939)
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