Thursday, April 12, 2018

Obesity Is Becoming The Norm!

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Obesity: A Deadly Risk
Only Human
Published on Aug 21, 2017
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20/20 - Super Size Me (2004) - McDonalds documentary
wlodirpg
Published on Jun 4, 2017
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Fast food chicken: Testing Subway, McDonald's, A&W, Wendy's & Tim Hortons (CBC Marketplace)
CBC News
Published on Feb 24, 2017
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Shocking Statistics Reveal 4 in 10 American Adults Are Now Obese
By Dr. Mercola
April 11, 2018
Story at-a-glance
  • As of 2015, nearly 40 percent of adults, over 18 percent of teens and nearly 14 percent of young children were obese, not just overweight
  • Severe obesity has also increased, now affecting nearly 8 percent of adults — a 2.3 percent increase since 2007/2008
  • Processed food consumption continues to be part of the equation. Sales of fast food in the U.S. grew by nearly 23 percent between 2012 to 2017, and packaged food sales rose 8.8 percent
  • One of the easiest ways to curb obesity is simply to eat real food. A real food diet will also help protect against chronic diseases such as cancer. South African natives given a fast food diet developed biomarkers indicative of colon cancer in just two weeks
  • Fast food meals are a significant source of phthalates, linked to impaired fertility, diabetes and cancer. People who had eaten at restaurants, cafeterias and fast-food joints the previous day had 35 percent higher levels of phthalates than those who ate home-cooked meals
While hard to believe, the most recent statistics1 indicate Americans just keep getting fatter. As of 2015, nearly 40 percent of adults, over 18 percent of teens and nearly 14 percent of young children were obese, not just overweight. Severe obesity has also increased, now affecting nearly 8 percent of adults; a 2.3 percent increase since 2007/2008. As reported by the authors:
"Among adults aged 20 years and older, obesity was defined as a body mass index (BMI …) of 30 or more and severe obesity was defined as a BMI of 40 or more … Among youth, obesity prevalence was 16.8 percent in 2007-2008 and 18.5 percent in 2015-2016 … Obesity prevalence among children aged 2 to 5 years showed a quadratic trend, decreasing from 10.1 percent in 2007-2008 to 8.4 percent in 2011-2012 and then increasing to 13.9 percent in 2015-2016 …"
Public Health Messaging Is Not Working
According to The New York Times,2 public health experts have expressed alarm by the rise in obesity despite education efforts. The NYT also added:
"The latest data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey comes at a time when the food industry is pushing back against stronger public health measures aimed at combating obesity. In recent NAFTA negotiations, the Trump administration has proposed rules favored by major food companies that would limit the ability of the United States, Mexico and Canada to require prominent labels on packaged foods warning about the health risks of foods high in sugar and fat."
Indeed, U.K. pediatricians are now warning that the nation's trade deal with the U.S. "could lead to even higher rates of obesity through the import of American foods high in fat and sugar,"3 and that America's hostile stance toward countries with stricter food rules4 to support healthier eating habits threatens the U.K.'s anti-obesity efforts.
Professor Russell Viner, president of the Royal College of Pediatrics and Child Health told The Guardian:5
"We're concerned by the evidence of U.S. hostility in trade talks toward countries that want to set their own domestic agenda on reducing sugar intake, particularly the push [from the U.S.] to keep traffic light labeling voluntary. We can't allow trade talks to undermine efforts to tackle childhood obesity. Children's health outcomes are much worse in the U.S. than in many other comparable countries, and we don't want to import these along with the sugar."
Processed Food Is a Major Driver of Obesity
The survey data didn't reveal the reasons for the continued weight gain in the U.S., but there can be little doubt that processed food consumption continues to be part of the equation. According to Euromonitor,6,7 sales of fast food in the U.S. grew by nearly 23 percent between 2012 to 2017, and packaged food sales rose 8.8 percent.
The increase in processed food sales may well be a major part of the obesity epidemic, as one of the easiest ways to curb obesity is simply to eat real food. A real food diet will also help protect against chronic diseases such as cancer. ScienceAlert8 recently discussed the findings of an interesting study9 showing just how quickly a fast food diet can trash your health.
Researchers simply asked 20 Americans and 20 indigenous South Africans to switch diets, and then measured biomarkers to evaluate the biochemical changes. Remarkably, within two weeks of eating primarily burgers and french fries, the South Africans showed changes in biomarkers that are indicative of colon cancer. The Americans, on the other hand, showed a significant reduction in biomarkers of cancer risk.
What this suggests is that diet alone may be a significant contributing factor to colon cancer, and helps explain why Americans have a 13 times higher rate of this type of cancer compared to people living in rural South Africa. Filmmaker Morgan Spurlock's now classic documentary "Super Size Me" also vividly demonstrated the consequences of eating a fast food diet.
After just four weeks, Spurlock's health had deteriorated to the point that his physician warned him he was putting his life in serious jeopardy if he continued the experiment as dramatic weight gain was not the only rapidly emerging side effect. Unfortunately, the food and beverage industries often trick people into making really unhealthy choices. The "diet" food and beverage niche is a perfect example.
'Diet' Foods and Beverages Make You Fatter
In October 2017, three separate class-action lawsuits were filed against Coca-Cola Co., PepsiCo., Dr Pepper Snapple Group and Dr Pepper/Seven Up Inc., charging them with false advertising for the deceptive use of the word "diet."10,11,12,13,14 The class-action lawsuits also charge the beverage makers with violating FDA and New York state food labeling rules, both of which explicitly prohibit labeling that is "false or misleading in any particular."
Low- or no-calorie artificial sweeteners are typically used to sweeten so-called "diet" foods and beverages in lieu of calorie-rich sugar or high fructose corn syrup. The idea is that consuming fewer calories will result in weight loss. However, research has firmly refuted such claims, showing that artificial sweeteners actually produce the complete opposite effect. By lowering appetite suppressant chemicals and encouraging sugar cravings, artificial sweeteners actually raise your odds of weight gain.
Studies have also shown artificial sweeteners promote insulin resistance and related health problems just like regular sugar does, so claims that "diet" soda and snacks are a safe and healthy option for diabetics are false as well. According to the complaints, the beverage makers should be aware of the published evidence against artificial sweeteners such as aspartame, which proves it actually worsens obesity and related health problems.
With this knowledge, it stands to reason that continuing to promote no- or low-calorie beverages as "diet" products is a willfully deceptive act aimed to deceive people who want to manage their weight. As stated by attorney Abraham Melamed15 "What's been going on is clearly deceptive advertising. In our opinion, it's one of the biggest consumer scams in the last 50 years, and it has to stop … hundreds of thousands, maybe millions, of consumers … are being deceived on a daily basis."
Unfortunately, the case against The Coca-Cola Company was recently dismissed.16,17 According to William Alsup, judge of the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California, the plaintiff "failed to demonstrate that reasonable consumers were being misled."
To properly demonstrate that Coca-Cola's diet claims were misleading, the plaintiff would have to show evidence of causation between diet soda consumption and weight gain and not just correlation. For now, the remaining class-action lawsuits (one against PepsiCo and one against the Dr Pepper Snapple Group/Dr Pepper/Seven Up Inc.) are still active.18
The Role of Hormone Disrupting Chemicals
Aside from metabolically harmful artificial sweeteners, processed foods are also a major source of hormone-disrupting chemicals implicated in obesity and related health problems. In one recent study,19 fast food meals were found to significantly raise participants' levels of phthalates, endocrine-disrupting chemicals that have been linked to impaired fertility, diabetes, reduced IQ, cancer and more. The source of the chemicals are the wrappers, packaging, takeout boxes and gloves used by servers.
Overall, people who had eaten at restaurants, cafeterias and fast-food joints the previous day had 35 percent higher levels of phthalates than those who ate food from home. This echoes previous research, which found people who ate fast food on a regular basis had about 40 percent higher phthalate levels than those who ate most of their meals at home. Among teens, the correlation was even stronger. Teens who ate the most fast food had 55 percent higher phthalate levels than those who ate mostly home-cooked meals.
They also found that 61 percent of the study sample had dined out the previous day, making the findings particularly relevant for a majority of people. As noted by senior author Ami Zota, assistant professor of environmental and occupational health at Milken Institute School of Public Health:
"What you eat is important, but this shows where it's purchased is also important20 … This study suggests food prepared at home is less likely to contain high levels of phthalates, chemicals linked to fertility problems, pregnancy complications and other health issues.Our findings suggest that dining out may be an important and previously under-recognized source of exposure to phthalates for the U.S. population. Home-cooked meals can be a good way to reduce sugar, unhealthy fats and salt. And this study suggests it may not have as many harmful phthalates as a restaurant meal.21"
Junk Food Companies Declared War on Public Health
In previous articles, I've discussed how Coca-Cola Company financed the now defunct Global Energy Balance Network (GEBN) to confuse and mislead the public about soda's influence on obesity — funding that remained hidden until outed by The New York Times. Now, an essay22 published in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health reveals how Coca-Cola used GEBN as a "weapon to change the conversation about obesity."
Codirector for U.S. Right to Know (USRTK) and coauthor of the paper, Gary Ruskin, said it "reveals The Coca-Cola Company's true intentions to go to war with the public health community over obesity and who is responsible for it."23 The paper is based on internal industry documents obtained by USRTK via freedom of information act (FOIA) requests. As reported in the abstract:
"Here we allow the words of Coca-Cola employees to speak about how the corporation intended to advance its interests by funding the GEBN.The documents reveal that Coca-Cola funded and supported the GEBN because it would serve as a 'weapon' to 'change the conversation' about obesity amidst a 'growing war between the public health community and private industry.' Despite its close links to The Coca-Cola Company, the GEBN was to be portrayed as an 'honest broker' in this 'war.'The GEBN's message was to be promoted via an extensive advocacy campaign linking researchers, policymakers, health professionals, journalists and the general public. Ultimately, these activities were intended to advance Coca-Cola's corporate interests: as they note, their purpose was to 'promote practices that are effective in terms of both policy and profit.' Coca-Cola's proposal for establishing the GEBN corroborates concerns about food and beverage corporations' involvement in scientific organizations and their similarities with Big Tobacco."
Cornell University — A Major Industry Supporter
Similarly, academics and researchers at prestigious schools are also "bought" by industry to present the industry's agenda under the cloak of independent thinking and research. As reported by Alternet:24
"One repeat offender is Cornell University, several of whose professors have been lured into the propaganda machines of Big Ag and Big Food. One professor, Brian Wansink, the director of the university's Food and Brand Lab, is facing allegations of self-plagiarism and possible data misrepresentation in multiple papers and studies.The Journal of Sensory Studies even retracted one of Wansink's studies because it contained a "major overlap" with another study he published. Cornell is a prestigious Ivy League school. So when their professors support junk food, pesticides and GMOs, it can have a damaging and potentially lasting impact worldwide."
The article goes on to list "six ways Cornell has become a PR agency for Big Food and Big Ag." This includes professor Tony Shelton writing a pro-GMO special report at the request of Eric Sachs, science and policy lead for Monsanto. Emails obtained by USRTK reveal Shelton and seven other academics were approached to write a series of papers, each being furbished with a topic and background information by Sachs.
The Cornell Alliance for Science (CAS) also appears to be a PR front for the chemical technology industry, even though it claims to have no industry relationships. Tip-offs include the fact that CAS' articles tend to present a largely unbalanced view of genetically engineered (GE) crops, focusing on alleged benefits while staying mum on the many questions and problems raised by truly independent researchers.
Three Cornell academics also write for GMO Answers, a website funded by members of the Council for Biotechnology Information, which include Monsanto, Syngenta, DuPont, Bayer, Dow AgroSciences, BASF and others.
Wansink, along with Cornell professor David Just, have also opposed bans on super-sized sodas, arguing that such bans would disproportionately affect the poor — a stance that contradicts research25 by Columbia health policy and management professor Y. Claire Yang, which suggests a ban on large-sized sodas would affect all income levels equally, and primarily target (and benefit) the overweight. Previous research26 has also highlighted the role of larger serving sizes in the U.S. obesity epidemic, showing it's been a significant factor.
Health Starts With Real Food
As noted in a 2016 report by the British National Obesity Forum,27,28 a low-carb, high-fat diet — and eating less by cutting out between-meal snacks — appears to be the answer to the obesity epidemic. The benefits of this type of diet are also the primary focus of my book, "Fat for Fuel," and my 
complementary online course, which guides you through seven engaging lessons to teach you how your body works at the molecular level, and how different foods affect your body.
Traditional weight loss advice suggests all you need to do is count calories, eat less and exercise more. Somewhat better recommendations specifically recommend cutting down on sugar. However, while many will initially lose weight doing this, it usually doesn't take long to gain the weight back.
There's a better way. A great many of the disease epidemics facing us today could be turned around by educating people about the benefits of a diet high in healthy fats, moderate in protein and low in net carbohydrates (total carbs minus fiber), either alone or in combination with intermittent fasting and/or longer water fasts.
It's important to realize that all calories are not created equal, and this is why counting calories doesn't work for weight loss and health in the long run. The metabolic effects of calories differ depending on their source — a calorie from a Twinkie is not equivalent to a calorie from an avocado or a nut. That said, excessive snacking is a significant contributing factor to obesity, so, to lose weight and keep it off, you may need to reduce your meal frequency.
The quality of your food is also of prime importance. As mentioned earlier, eating real food, not processed fare, is a foundational aspect of weight management and optimal health. Cooking from scratch using whole, unadulterated, unprocessed and ideally biodynamically grown ingredients is really the only way to avoid a majority of harmful additives and contaminants that contribute to weight gain and ill health. Also remember to choose grass-fed/pasture-raised beef, poultry and dairy.
Real Food Resources
If you live in the U.S., the following organizations can help you locate farm-fresh foods:
Demeter-USA.org provides a directory of certified Biodynamic farms and brands. This directory can also be found on BiodynamicFood.org.
The goal of the American Grassfed Association is to promote the grass fed industry through government relations, research, concept marketing and public education.
Their website also allows you to search for AGA approved producers certified according to strict standards that include being raised on a diet of 100 percent forage; raised on pasture and never confined to a feedlot; never treated with antibiotics or hormones; born and raised on American family farms.
EatWild.com provides lists of farmers known to produce raw dairy products as well as grass fed beef and other farm-fresh produce (although not all are certified organic). Here you can also find information about local farmers markets, as well as local stores and restaurants that sell grass fed products.
Weston A. Price has local chapters in most states, and many of them are connected with buying clubs in which you can easily purchase organic foods, including grass fed raw dairy products like milk and butter.
The Grassfed Exchange has a listing of producers selling organic and grass fed meats across the U.S.
This website will help you find farmers markets, family farms and other sources of sustainably grown food in your area where you can buy produce, grass fed meats and many other goodies.
A national listing of farmers markets.
The Eat Well Guide is a free online directory of sustainably raised meat, poultry, dairy and eggs from farms, stores, restaurants, inns, hotels and online outlets in the United States and Canada.
Community Involved in Sustaining Agriculture 
(CISA)
CISA is dedicated to sustaining agriculture and promoting the products of small farms.
The FoodRoutes "Find Good Food" map can help you connect with local farmers to find the freshest, tastiest food possible. On their interactive map, you can find a listing for local farmers, CSAs and markets near you.
The Cornucopia Institute maintains web-based tools rating all certified organic brands of eggs, dairy products and other commodities, based on their ethical sourcing and authentic farming practices separating CAFO "organic" production from authentic organic practices.
If you're still unsure of where to find raw milk, check out Raw-Milk-Facts.com and RealMilk.com. They can tell you what the status is for legality in your state, and provide a listing of raw dairy farms in your area. The Farm to Consumer Legal Defense Fund29 also provides a state-by-state review of raw milk laws.30 California residents can also find raw milk retailers using the store locator available at www.OrganicPastures.com.
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Childhood obesity: The Singapore fat camps where children are shamed for being overweight
By Herlyn Kaur, ABC News
Posted Wednesday, 11 April 2018
In the fight against obesity, government-sponsored fat camps that shame young children into losing weight seem like an extreme approach to public health.
But that is exactly what Singapore has done, and the results speak for themselves — with a markedly lower obesity rate compared with other western countries.
So, with obesity rates among children increasing in Australia and data showing at least one in four Australian children are classified as overweight, could this approach ever be adopted here?
Imagine it: A schooling system which measures a child's weight and Body Mass Index (BMI), separating and placing anyone overweight into rigorous physical activity programs and fat camps specifically targeted to reduce their weight.
Your child as young as seven years old could be fat shamed and openly asked to do more physical activity than their peers in school.
That is exactly how Singapore tackles obesity in its education system.
The Holistic Health Framework (HHF) is a government-mandated and regulated weight management program which works in conjunction with the "TAF Club" — an acronym for "Trim And Fit" or, for cynics, FAT spelled backwards — to actively reduce the country's obesity rates.
Instead of spending time with their friends, anyone overweight is called out and told what to eat, as well as being placed on a strict exercise routine, with their progress monitored closely and re-evaluated every six months.
This system does not allow children or their families to choose if they would like to participate in the program, and parents are also told what they need to do to control their child's weight.
Apart from this, overweight children are separated to do different exercises during physical education classes and are sometimes even made to stay in school after teaching hours to increase their physical activity.
One size doesn't fit all, experts say
Experts in WA say the Singapore system could never be implemented here.
Edith Cowan University (ECU) lecturer and coordinator of health and physical education Donna Barwood said Singapore had a completely different education system and a government policy which would not work in Australia.
"It's singling kids out who are obese," she said.
"In a social justice perspective, I would never support that."
Dr Barwood said the main issue facing Australia was the need for all schools to be consistent in implementing certain activities.
She also encouraged parents to get educated on their children's health and wellbeing, rather than leaving it to schools to enforce regulations.
"The primary thing is for parents to step up to the plate and get involved. I don't think it's the school's place to implement such rules," she said.
The numbers don't lie
Despite its controversial nature, the HHF and TAF programs have proven to be successful, with Singapore possessing one of the lowest obesity rates in the world.
Just 10 per cent of five-year-olds in Singapore are classified as overweight, compared with 25 per cent of Australian children.
So, are fat camps the solution to this crisis impacting millions of Australians?
ECU nutritionist and professor of public health nutrition Amanda Devine is another sceptic.
Dr Devine — who has helped develop websites to implement educational projects in the public health sector — said nutrition education and appropriate physical activity in schools was critical to improve the health of our future generations.
"ECU provides RefreshED, an engaging and relevant online curriculum to provide teachers with professional development and resources to teach healthy eating from kindy to Year 10," she said.
"The website also suggests ways to build a healthy food environment in schools by linking ideas about growing foods, starting kitchen gardens and creating healthy canteens."
Beyond the school gate
But despite education and nutrition programs being placed in our local schools, statistics have shown a rise in childhood obesity over the years.
Dr Barwood believes it is not up to schools to fix this problem as she feels they are only there to educate children.
"Schools aren't there to fix the problem, they're there to educate," she said.
"I don't believe it will be fixed through schools, this issue is bigger than that. Parents have to take more responsibility to help fix this issue."
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Obesity and overweight
Fact sheet
Reviewed February 2018
Key facts
  • Worldwide obesity has nearly tripled since 1975.
  • In 2016, more than 1.9 billion adults, 18 years and older, were overweight. Of these over 650 million were obese.
  • 39% of adults aged 18 years and over were overweight in 2016, and 13% were obese.
  • Most of the world's population live in countries where overweight and obesity kills more people than underweight.
  • 41 million children under the age of 5 were overweight or obese in 2016.
  • Over 340 million children and adolescents aged 5-19 were overweight or obese in 2016.
  • Obesity is preventable.
What are overweight and obesity?
Overweight and obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health.
Body mass index (BMI) is a simple index of weight-for-height that is commonly used to classify overweight and obesity in adults. It is defined as a person's weight in kilograms divided by the square of his height in meters (kg/m2).
Adults
For adults, WHO defines overweight and obesity as follows:
  • overweight is a BMI greater than or equal to 25; and
  • obesity is a BMI greater than or equal to 30.
BMI provides the most useful population-level measure of overweight and obesity as it is the same for both sexes and for all ages of adults. However, it should be considered a rough guide because it may not correspond to the same degree of fatness in different individuals.
For children, age needs to be considered when defining overweight and obesity.
Children under 5 years of age
For children under 5 years of age:
  • overweight is weight-for-height greater than 2 standard deviations above WHO Child Growth Standards median; and
  • obesity is weight-for-height greater than 3 standard deviations above the WHO Child Growth Standards median.
Children aged between 5–19 years
Overweight and obesity are defined as follows for children aged between 5–19 years:
  • overweight is BMI-for-age greater than 1 standard deviation above the WHO Growth Reference median; and
  • obesity is greater than 2 standard deviations above the WHO Growth Reference median.

Facts about overweight and obesity
Some recent WHO global estimates follow.
  • In 2016, more than 1.9 billion adults aged 18 years and older were overweight. Of these over 650 million adults were obese.
  • In 2016, 39% of adults aged 18 years and over (39% of men and 40% of women) were overweight.
  • Overall, about 13% of the world’s adult population (11% of men and 15% of women) were obese in 2016.
  • The worldwide prevalence of obesity nearly tripled between 1975 and 2016.
In 2016, an estimated 41 million children under the age of 5 years were overweight or obese. Once considered a high-income country problem, overweight and obesity are now on the rise in low- and middle-income countries, particularly in urban settings. In Africa, the number of overweight children under 5 has increased by nearly 50 per cent since 2000. Nearly half of the children under 5 who were overweight or obese in 2016 lived in Asia.
Over 340 million children and adolescents aged 5-19 were overweight or obese in 2016.
The prevalence of overweight and obesity among children and adolescents aged 5-19 has risen dramatically from just 4% in 1975 to just over 18% in 2016. The rise has occurred similarly among both boys and girls: in 2016 18% of girls and 19% of boys were overweight.
While just under 1% of children and adolescents aged 5-19 were obese in 1975, more 124 million children and adolescents (6% of girls and 8% of boys) were obese in 2016.
Overweight and obesity are linked to more deaths worldwide than underweight. Globally there are more people who are obese than underweight – this occurs in every region except parts of sub-Saharan Africa and Asia.
What causes obesity and overweight?
The fundamental cause of obesity and overweight is an energy imbalance between calories consumed and calories expended. Globally, there has been:
  • an increased intake of energy-dense foods that are high in fat; and
  • an increase in physical inactivity due to the increasingly sedentary nature of many forms of work, changing modes of transportation, and increasing urbanization.
Changes in dietary and physical activity patterns are often the result of environmental and societal changes associated with development and lack of supportive policies in sectors such as health, agriculture, transport, urban planning, environment, food processing, distribution, marketing, and education.
What are common health consequences of overweight and obesity?
Raised BMI is a major risk factor for noncommunicable diseases such as:
  • cardiovascular diseases (mainly heart disease and stroke), which were the leading cause of death in 2012;
  • diabetes;
  • musculoskeletal disorders (especially osteoarthritis – a highly disabling degenerative disease of the joints);
  • some cancers (including endometrial, breast, ovarian, prostate, liver, gallbladder, kidney, and colon).
The risk for these noncommunicable diseases increases, with increases in BMI.
Childhood obesity is associated with a higher chance of obesity, premature death and disability in adulthood. But in addition to increased future risks, obese children experience breathing difficulties, increased risk of fractures, hypertension, early markers of cardiovascular disease, insulin resistance and psychological effects.
Facing a double burden of disease
Many low- and middle-income countries are now facing a "double burden" of disease.
  • While these countries continue to deal with the problems of infectious diseases and undernutrition, they are also experiencing a rapid upsurge in noncommunicable disease risk factors such as obesity and overweight, particularly in urban settings.
  • It is not uncommon to find undernutrition and obesity co-existing within the same country, the same community and the same household.
Children in low- and middle-income countries are more vulnerable to inadequate pre-natal, infant, and young child nutrition. At the same time, these children are exposed to high-fat, high-sugar, high-salt, energy-dense, and micronutrient-poor foods, which tend to be lower in cost but also lower in nutrient quality. These dietary patterns, in conjunction with lower levels of physical activity, result in sharp increases in childhood obesity while undernutrition issues remain unsolved.
How can overweight and obesity be reduced?
Overweight and obesity, as well as their related noncommunicable diseases, are largely preventable. Supportive environments and communities are fundamental in shaping people’s choices, by making the choice of healthier foods and regular physical activity the easiest choice (the choice that is the most accessible, available and affordable), and therefore preventing overweight and obesity.
At the individual level, people can:
  • limit energy intake from total fats and sugars;
  • increase consumption of fruit and vegetables, as well as legumes, whole grains and nuts; and
  • engage in regular physical activity (60 minutes a day for children and 150 minutes spread through the week for adults).
Individual responsibility can only have its full effect where people have access to a healthy lifestyle. Therefore, at the societal level it is important to support individuals in following the recommendations above, through sustained implementation of evidence based and population based policies that make regular physical activity and healthier dietary choices available, affordable and easily accessible to everyone, particularly to the poorest individuals. An example of such a policy is a tax on sugar sweetened beverages.
The food industry can play a significant role in promoting healthy diets by:
  • reducing the fat, sugar and salt content of processed foods;
  • ensuring that healthy and nutritious choices are available and affordable to all consumers;
  • restricting marketing of foods high in sugars, salt and fats, especially those foods aimed at children and teenagers; and
  • ensuring the availability of healthy food choices and supporting regular physical activity practice in the workplace.
WHO response
Adopted by the World Health Assembly in 2004, the "WHO Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health" describes the actions needed to support healthy diets and regular physical activity. The Strategy calls upon all stakeholders to take action at global, regional and local levels to improve diets and physical activity patterns at the population level.
The Political Declaration of the High Level Meeting of the United Nations General Assembly on the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases of September 2011, recognizes the critical importance of reducing unhealthy diet and physical inactivity. The political declaration commits to advancing the implementation of the "WHO Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health", including, where appropriate, through the introduction of policies and actions aimed at promoting healthy diets and increasing physical activity in the entire population.
WHO has also developed the "Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases 2013-2020" which aims to achieve the commitments of the UN Political Declaration on Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) which was endorsed by Heads of State and Government in September 2011. The “Global Action Plan” will contribute to progress on 9 global NCD targets to be attained by 2025, including a 25% relative reduction in premature mortality from NCDs by 2025 and a halt in the rise of global obesity to match the rates of 2010.
The World Health Assembly welcomed the report of the Commission on Ending Childhood Obesity (2016) and its 6 recommendations to address the obesogenic environment and critical periods in the life course to tackle childhood obesity. The implementation plan to guide countries in taking action to implement the recommendations of the Commission was welcomed by the World Health Assembly in 2017.
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Obesity in Canada
Canadian Obesity Network

Obesity is a chronic and often progressive condition, similar to diabetes or high blood pressure. Obesity is characterized by excess body fat that can threaten or affect your health. Many organizations including the Canadian Obesity Network, the Canadian Medical Association, the American Medical Association and the World Health Organisation now consider obesity to be a chronic disease.
One in four adult Canadians and one in 10 children have clinical obesity, meaning six million Canadians living with obesity may require immediate support in managing and controlling their weight. As a leading cause of type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, arthritis and cancer, the condition impacts those who have obesity, their families, employers, neighbours, health practitioners and governments.
The impact of weight bias and stigma against people with obesity is comparable to that of racial discrimination, and it’s just as common. Obesity stigma translates into significant inequities in employment, health, health care and education, often due to widespread negative stereotypes that persons with obesity are lazy, unmotivated or lacking in self‐discipline.
A 2010 report estimated that direct costs of overweight and obesity represented $6 billion – 4.1 % of Canada’s total health care budget. However, this estimate only accounts for health care costs related to obesity, and does not account for productivity loss, reductions in tax revenues or psychosocial costs.
Comprehensive public, private and non-governmental initiatives on obesity prevention and treatment are urgently needed.

Key Obesity Statistics
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Also See:

Will Privatization of Water be Next?

20 April 2014
https://arcticcompass.blogspot.ca/2014/04/wll-privatization-of-water-be-next.html
and

Water - Taken for Granted?

(Part 1)
24 September 2008
and
(Part 2)
02 August 2010
and
(Part 3)
16 June 2012
and
(Part 4)
18 January 2014
and

When the Absurd Becomes Reality

(Part 4)
21 November 2011
and

If You Know What's Good For You ...

(Part 1)
19 February 2009
and
(Part 2)
01 August 2009
and
(Part 3)
02 March 2010
and
(Part 4)
28 September 2010
and
(Part 5)
15 March 2011
and
(Part 6)
20 July 2011
and
(Part 7)
09 October 2011
and
(Part 8)
12 December 2011
and
(Part 9)
09 March 2012
an
(Part 10)
12 July 2012
and
(Part 11)
30 October 2012
and
(Part 12)
11 February 2013
and
(Part 13)
11 May 2013
and
(Part 14
01 August 2013
and
(Part 15)
14 December 2013
and
(Part 16)
13 February 2014
and
(Part 17)
14 April 2014
(Part 20)
04 April 2015
and
(Part 21)
10 November 2015
and
(Part 22)
15 March 2016
and
(Part 23)
01 August 2016
and
(Part 24)
10 October 2016
and
(Part 25)
20 December 2016
and
(Part 26)
27 January 2017
(Part 27)
30 May 2017
and
(Part 28)
24 August 2017
and
(Part 29)
30 September 2017
and
(Part 30)
22 December 2017
and
(Part 31)
03 January 2018
and

Vitamins, Genetic Food, Health

03 April 2007
http://arcticcompass.blogspot.com/2007/04/vitamins-genetic-food-health.html
and 

FDA - Drugs, Vaccines & Vitamin Supplements

(Part 1) 
07 July 2008
http://arcticcompass.blogspot.com/2008/07/marching-towards-police-state.html
and

How Safe Is Our Food?

(Part 1) 
06 December 2008
http://arcticcompass.blogspot.com/2008/12/food-how-safe-is-it.html
and
(Part 2)
26 March 2009
http://arcticcompass.blogspot.com/2009/03/how-safe-is-our-food-part-2.html
and

Losing Weight - Are Diets Detrimental to Health?

16 September 2010
http://arcticcompass.blogspot.com/2010/09/too-much-too-young-teen-body-obsession.html
and

No More Fluoride in the Water - Waterloo, Ontario

08 November 2010
http://arcticcompass.blogspot.com/2010/11/no-more-floride-in-water-waterloo.html
and

No More Fluoride in the Water - Portland, Oregon

05 June 2013
http://arcticcompass.blogspot.ca/2013/06/major-victory-as-portland-oregon-votes.html
and

Why is Fluoride in Our Water?

09 January 2011
http://arcticcompass.blogspot.com/2011/01/why-is-fluoride-in-our-water.html
and

Medication Errors are a Major Killer!

(Part 1) 
04 February 2011
http://arcticcompass.blogspot.com/2011/02/medication-errors-are-major-killer.html
and

Can't Sleep? There is Help! 

08 February 2011
http://arcticcompass.blogspot.com/2011/02/cant-sleep-there-is-help.html
and

Do You Have Shift Work Sleep Disorder?

12 September 2015

About That Cup of Coffee!

21 July 2015
and

Avoid Chemotherapy and Radiation!

(Part 1)
19 November 2011
and
(Part 2)
02 August 2012
and
(Part 3)
28 September 2015
and

Cancer and Exercise!

04 September 2011
and

A World Without Cancer!

(Part 1)
08 March 2011
and
(Part 2)
31 January 2012
and

Research: Meat and Dairy Cause Cancer!

23 December 2012
and

Misinformed About Cancer? You Are Not Alone!

06 June 2013
and

I Beat Cancer! 

(Part 1)
10 November 2013
and
(Part 2)
31 December 2013
and

Why Are There So Many Doctors Dying Mysteriously?

(Part 1)
11 August 2015
and
(Part 2)
29 November 2017
and

ObamaCare - Health, Euthanasia, Life in Jeopardy! 

(Part 1)
20 July 2009
and
(Part 2)
10 August 2009
and
(Part 3)
27 August 2009
and

The Last Word on ObamaCare - Maybe!

20 March 2010
and

Coming Soon - Death Panels!

23 August 2010
and

How is Obama's Healthcare Working Out?

14 October 2010
and

More about ObamaCare!

24 January 2011
and

ObamaCare is Still an Issue! 

(Part 1)
03 April 2012
and
(Part 2)
28 June 2012
and
(Part 3)
08 August 2013
and
(Part 4)
27 October 2013
and
(Part 5)
19 December 2013
and

Will ObamaCare be Reversed?

(Part 1)
03 January 2014

Cancer is a Cash Cow!

01 April 2014
and

CBD Oil Benefits: Cancer, Epileptic Seizures, and More!

18 September 2017
and

Does Society Understand Mental Illness?

22 April 2015
and

Common Core and Mental Health!

11 July 2014
and

Mental Health Hospitals Are Hazardous Environments!

26 December 2011
*******